Longitudinal serological assessment of type VI collagen turnover is related to progression in a real-world cohort of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Henrik Jessen, Nils Hoyer, Thomas S Prior, Peder Frederiksen, Sarah R Rønnow, Morten A Karsdal, Diana J Leeming, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Jannie M B Sand, Saher B Shaker

2 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

BACKGROUND: Remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a central mechanism in the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and remodeling of type VI collagen has been suggested to be associated with disease progression. Biomarkers that reflect and predict the progression of IPF would provide valuable information for clinicians when treating IPF patients.

METHODS: Two serological biomarkers reflecting formation (PRO-C6) and degradation (C6M) of type VI collagen were evaluated in a real-world cohort of 178 newly diagnoses IPF patients. All patients were treatment naïve at the baseline visit. Blood samples and clinical data were collected from baseline, six months, and 12 months visit. The biomarkers were measured by competitive ELISA using monoclonal antibodies.

RESULTS: Patients with progressive disease had higher (P = 0.0099) serum levels of PRO-C6 compared to those with stable disease over 12 months with an average difference across all timepoints of 12% (95% CI 3-22), whereas C6M levels tended (P = 0.061) to be higher in patients with progressive disease compared with stable patients over 12 months with an average difference across all timepoints of 12% (95% CI - 0.005-27). Patients who did not receive antifibrotic medicine had a greater increase of C6M (P = 0.043) compared to treated patients from baseline over 12 months with an average difference across all timepoints of 12% (95% CI - 0.07-47). There were no differences in biomarker levels between patients receiving pirfenidone or nintedanib.

CONCLUSIONS: Type VI collagen formation was related to progressive disease in patients with IPF in a real-world cohort and antifibrotic therapy seemed to affect the degradation of type VI collagen. Type VI collagen formation and degradation products might be potential biomarkers for disease progression in IPF.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer382
TidsskriftBMC Pulmonary Medicine
Vol/bind21
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)382
ISSN1471-2466
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2021

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