Long-term multisystemic efficacy of migalastat on Fabry-associated clinical events, including renal, cardiac and cerebrovascular outcomes

Derralynn A Hughes*, Daniel G Bichet, Roberto Giugliani, Robert J Hopkin, Eva Krusinska, Kathleen Nicholls, Iacopo Olivotto, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Norio Sakai, Nina Skuban, Gere Sunder-Plassmann, Roser Torra, William R Wilcox

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is a rare, multisystemic disorder caused by GLA gene variants that lead to alpha galactosidase A deficiency, resulting in accumulation of glycosphingolipids and cellular dysfunction. Fabry-associated clinical events (FACEs) cause significant morbidity and mortality, yet the long-term effect of Fabry therapies on FACE incidence remains unclear.

    METHODS: This posthoc analysis evaluated incidence of FACEs (as a composite outcome and separately for renal, cardiac and cerebrovascular events) in 97 enzyme replacement therapy (ERT)-naïve and ERT-experienced adults with Fabry disease and amenable GLA variants who were treated with migalastat for up to 8.6 years (median: 5 years) in Phase III clinical trials of migalastat. Associations between baseline characteristics and incidence of FACEs were also evaluated.

    RESULTS: During long-term migalastat treatment, 17 patients (17.5%) experienced 22 FACEs and there were no deaths. The incidence rate of FACEs was 48.3 events per 1000 patient-years overall. Numerically higher incidence rates were observed in men versus women, patients aged >40 years versus younger patients, ERT-naïve versus ERT-experienced patients and men with the classic phenotype versus men and women with all other phenotypes. There was no statistically significant difference in time to first FACE when analysed by patient sex, phenotype, prior treatment status or age. Lower baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was associated with an increased risk of FACEs across patient populations.

    CONCLUSIONS: The overall incidence of FACEs for patients during long-term treatment with migalastat compared favourably with historic reports involving ERT. Lower baseline eGFR was a significant predictor of FACEs.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    Artikelnummer108669
    TidsskriftJournal of Medical Genetics
    Vol/bind60
    Udgave nummer7
    Sider (fra-til)722-731
    Antal sider10
    ISSN0022-2593
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - jul. 2023

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