Limb graft occlusion after endovascular aneurysm repair with the COOK Zenith Alpha abdominal graft

Magdalena Broda*, Jonas Eiberg, Mikkel Taudorf, Timothy Resch

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstrakt

OBJECTIVE: Prior reports of the low profile Zenith Alpha abdominal graft (Cook Medical Inc, Bloomington, IN) have shown impaired limb graft patency to be the primary causes of reintervention. Special notices from the manufacturer have indicated certain instructions for use (IFU) violations as the main reasons for these complications. In the present study, we assessed the incidence of limb graft occlusion (LGO) and analyzed the effects of the detailed anatomic risk factors for LGO highlighted in the IFU and previously reported studies.

METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of 241 patients treated with the low profile Zenith Alpha at a single institution from October 1, 2015 to September 30, 2018. All computed tomography angiograms were analyzed using three-dimensional software. Data were extracted from the electronic medical records until the end of the study period (December 31, 2020). The cumulative incidence of LGO and LGO-related reinterventions were assessed. A regression analysis was performed to evaluate the possible risk factors associated with the development of LGO at specified time points. These included aortic and iliac diameters, graft component oversizing, iliac tortuosity and calcification, overlap of graft components, proximal alignment of ipsilateral and contralateral legs, and sealing zone in the external iliac artery. Reader agreement of iliac calcification and tortuosity was assessed in patients with LGO.

RESULTS: A total of 33 limbs (7%) in 27 patients (11%) had become occluded. The cumulative incidence of LGO was 7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 5%-9%) per limb up to 3 years postoperatively. The previously described risk factors for LGO were studied using regression analysis; however, no positive association with LGO was identified. Heavily calcified common iliac arteries (CIAs) and external iliac arteries were protective against LGO compared with noncalcified vessels up to 3 years postoperatively (decreased risk, 17% [95% CI, -27% to -7%]; P = .001; and 15% [95% CI, -26 to -5]; P = .005, respectively). The reader agreement of iliac calcification and tortuosity showed substantial agreement (CIA intrareader kappa = 0.75; CIA interreader kappa = 0.62) and almost perfect agreement (intrareader kappa = 0.85; interreader kappa = 0.84), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The cumulative incidence of LGO after endovascular aneurysm repair with the Zenith Alpha graft was 7% per limb up to 3 years postoperatively. None of the analyzed risk factors suggested by the IFUs or current literature were positively associated with LGO.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Vascular Surgery
ISSN0741-5214
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 25 okt. 2022

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