Left atrial strain is associated with long-term mortality in acute coronary syndrome patients

Philip Rüssell Pedersson*, Kristoffer Grundtvig Skaarup, Mats Christian Højbjerg Lassen, Flemming Javier Olsen, Allan Zeeberg Iversen, Peter Godsk Jørgensen, Tor Biering-Sørensen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
1 Citationer (Scopus)


To investigate the long-term prognostic value of the left atrial (LA) strain indices - peak atrial longitudinal strain (PALS), peak conduit strain (PCS), and peak atrial contractile strain (PACS) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients in relation to all-cause mortality. This retrospective study included ACS patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and examined with echocardiography. Exclusion criteria were non-sinus rhythm during echocardiography, missing images, and inadequate image quality for 2D speckle tracking analysis of the LA. The endpoint was all-cause death. Multivariable Cox regression which included relevant clinical and echocardiographic measures was utilized to assess the relationship between LA strain parameters and all-cause mortality. A total of 371 were included. Mean age was 64 years and 76% were male. Median time to echocardiography was 2 days following PCI. During a median follow-up of 5.7 years, 83 (22.4%) patients died. Following multivariable analysis, PALS (HR 1.04, 1.01-1.06, p = 0.002, per 1% decrease) and PCS (HR 1.05, 1.01-1.09, p = 0.006, per 1% decrease) remained significantly associated with all-cause mortality. PALS and PCS showed a linear relationship with the outcome whereas PACS was associated with the outcome in a non-linear fashion such that the risk of death increased when PACS < 18.22%. All LA strain parameters remained associated with worse survival rate when restricting analysis to patients with left atrial volume index < 34 ml/m2. Reduced LA function as assessed by PALS, PCS, and PACS were associated with an increased risk of long-term mortality in patients with ACS.

TidsskriftThe international journal of cardiovascular imaging
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)841-851
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2024


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