Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging-based diagnosis of severe mesenteric traction syndrome: Hemodynamics and prostacyclin - A prospective cohort study

Abstract

BRIEF ABSTRACT: Today, the diagnosis and grading of mesenteric traction syndrome relies on a subjective assessment of facial flushing. However, this method has several limitations. In this study, Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging and a predefined cut-off value are assessed and validated for the objective identification of severe mesenteric traction syndrome.

BACKGROUND: Severe mesenteric traction syndrome (MTS) is associated with increased postoperative morbidity. The diagnosis is based on an assessment of the developed facial flushing. Today this is performed subjectively, as no objective method exists. One possible objective method is Laser Speckle Contrast Imaging (LSCI), which has been used to show significantly higher facial skin blood flow in patients developing severe MTS. Using these data, a cut-off value has been identified. This study aimed to validate our predefined LSCI cut-off value for identifying severe MTS.

METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed on patients planned for open esophagectomy or pancreatic surgery from March 2021 to April 2022. All patients underwent continuous measurement of forehead skin blood flow using LSCI during the first hour of surgery. Using the predefined cut-off value, the severity of MTS was graded. In addition, blood samples for prostacyclin (PGI2) analysis and hemodynamics were collected at predefined time points to validate the cut-off value.

MAIN RESULTS: Sixty patients were included in the study. Using our predefined LSCI cut-off value, 21 (35 %) patients were identified as developing severe MTS. These patients were found to have higher concentrations of 6-Keto-PGFaα (p = 0.002), lower SVR (p < 0.001), lower MAP (p = 0.004), and higher CO (p < 0.001) 15 min into surgery, as compared with patients not developing severe MTS.

CONCLUSION: This study validated our LSCI cut-off value for the objective identification of severe MTS patients as this group developed increased concentrations of PGI2 and more pronounced hemodynamic alterations compared with patients not developing severe MTS.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer104505
TidsskriftMicrovascular Research
Vol/bind147
Sider (fra-til)1-8
Antal sider8
ISSN0026-2862
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2023

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