Kidney function after withdrawal of long-term antihypertensive treatment in diabetic nephropathy

H P Hansen, F S Nielsen, P Rossing, P Jacobsen, B R Jensen, H H Parving

17 Citationer (Scopus)


Initiation of antihypertensive treatment in hypertensive non-insulin-dependent diabetic (NIDDM) patients with diabetic nephropathy induces a faster initial (0 to 6 months) and slower subsequent (6 months-end) decline in GFR [delta GFR (ml.min-1.1.73 m-2.month-1) approximately 1.5 vs. 0.4]. Whether this initial phenomenon is reversible (hemodynamic) or irreversible (structural damage) after prolonged antihypertensive treatment is not known. To elucidate these mechanisms we investigated 40 hypertensive NIDDM patients (age 61 +/- 7 years, mean +/- SD), known duration of diabetes 14 years (2 to 33 years) [median (range)] with diabetic nephropathy receiving antihypertensive treatment (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition, N = 30) for 5 years (1 to 20 years). The following variables were measured the last day on antihypertensive treatment and one month after withdrawal of treatment; GFR (51Cr-EDTA), 24-hour arterial blood pressure (24 hr MABP, Takeda TM2420) and albuminuria (ELISA); the mean 24-hour MABP rose from 102 +/- 11 to 111 +/- 10 (P < 0.0001) and albuminuria [geometric mean (antilog SEM)] increased from 634 (1.3) to 1159 (1.2) (P < 0.0001), while GFR (mean +/- SD) remained unchanged (69 +/- 25 to 70 +/- 26 ml.min-1.1.73 m-2, P = 0.21), after withdrawal of antihypertensive treatment. A significant correlation between the relative change in the 24 hour MABP measurement and the relative change in GFR (r = 0.44, P < 0.01) was found. In conclusion, our results suggest that the faster initial decline in GFR after initiating antihypertensive treatment in hypertensive NIDDM patients with diabetic nephropathy is due to a irreversible effect, and should be accounted for when evaluating the beneficial effect of antihypertensive treatment on the progression of diabetic nephropathy in these patients.

BogserieKidney International, Supplement
Sider (fra-til)S49-53
StatusUdgivet - dec. 1997


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