Involvement of calcitonin gene-related peptide in migraine: regional cerebral blood flow and blood flow velocity in migraine patients

L H Lassen, V B Jacobsen, P A Haderslev, B Sperling, H K Iversen, J Olesen, P Tfelt-Hansen

Abstract

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-containing nerves are closely associated with cranial blood vessels. CGRP is the most potent vasodilator known in isolated cerebral blood vessels. CGRP can induce migraine attacks, and two selective CGRP receptor antagonists are effective in the treatment of migraine attacks. It is therefore important to investigate its mechanism of action in patients with migraine. We here investigate the effects of intravenous human alpha-CGRP (halphaCGRP) on intracranial hemodynamics. In a double-blind, cross-over study, the effect of intravenous infusion of halphaCGRP (2 mug/min) or placebo for 20 min was studied in 12 patients with migraine without aura outside attacks. Xenon-133 inhalation SPECT-determined regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and transcranial Doppler (TCD)-determined blood velocity (V (mean)) in the middle cerebral artery (MCA), as well as the heart rate and blood pressure, were the outcome parameters. No change of rCBF was observed at the end of infusion [1.2% +/- 1.7 with halphaCGRP, vs. -1.6% +/- 3.1 with placebo (mean +/- SD)] (P = 0.43). V (mean) in MCA decreased to 13.5% +/- 3.6 with halphaCGRP versus 0.6% +/- 1.8 with placebo (P < 0.005). Since rCBF was unchanged, this indicates a dilation of the MCA. halphaCGRP induced a decrease in MAP (12%) (P < 0.005) and an increase in heart rate (58%) (P < 0.0001). CGRP dilates cerebral arteries, but the effect is so small that it is unlikely to be the only mechanism of CGRP-induced migraine.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of Headache and Pain
Vol/bind9
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)151-7
Antal sider7
ISSN1129-2369
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2008
Udgivet eksterntJa

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