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Investigation of eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions as biometric signatures of food reward and intake in normal weight adults

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@article{0828e8a258934ddd9a176dcca13d2f63,
title = "Investigation of eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions as biometric signatures of food reward and intake in normal weight adults",
abstract = "Pervasive exposure to a vast and varied food repertoire has contributed to the obesity epidemic. Within this issue, there is a need for a better understanding of the psychophysiological responses to food cues that precede food choice and food intake to establish how these responses contribute to the link between food availability and increasing obesity levels. Biometric measures such as eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions may separately or collectively provide deeper insight into psychophysiological processes underlying food reward and food intake. We examined how biometric responses differed in foods varying in fat and taste and explored how these biometric signatures to food cues were related to food preference behaviours, food choice, and food intake. We developed and tested a biometric food preference task designed to concurrently assess biometric responses (eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions) and food reward to visual food stimuli from different food categories in 100 normal weight adults. Food intake and selection was examined using a simultaneous choice ad libitum buffet. The results from this cross-sectional study showed significant differences in visual attention towards foods varying in fat content and taste prior to making rapid food choice decisions. Furthermore, the study found positive associations between maintained attention during a forced choice paradigm and subsequent food reward and food intake measures. Attention, arousal and facial expression during passive viewing were not associated with food reward or intake measures, except for an association between negative valence and explicit liking such that less liked foods elicited stronger negative facial expressions. The findings indicate that implicit, biometric responses to food cues predict both food reward and actual food intake.",
keywords = "Appetite, Biometrics, Food intake, Food reward, Hedonic eating",
author = "Hanne Pedersen and Quist, {Jonas Salling} and Jensen, {Marie M{\o}ller} and Clemmensen, {Kim Katrine Bjerring} and Dorte Vistisen and J{\o}rgensen, {Marit Eika} and Kristine F{\ae}rch and Graham Finlayson",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2021 The Authors",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1016/j.foodqual.2021.104248",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
journal = "Food Quality and Preference",
issn = "0950-3293",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation of eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions as biometric signatures of food reward and intake in normal weight adults

AU - Pedersen, Hanne

AU - Quist, Jonas Salling

AU - Jensen, Marie Møller

AU - Clemmensen, Kim Katrine Bjerring

AU - Vistisen, Dorte

AU - Jørgensen, Marit Eika

AU - Færch, Kristine

AU - Finlayson, Graham

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors

PY - 2021/10

Y1 - 2021/10

N2 - Pervasive exposure to a vast and varied food repertoire has contributed to the obesity epidemic. Within this issue, there is a need for a better understanding of the psychophysiological responses to food cues that precede food choice and food intake to establish how these responses contribute to the link between food availability and increasing obesity levels. Biometric measures such as eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions may separately or collectively provide deeper insight into psychophysiological processes underlying food reward and food intake. We examined how biometric responses differed in foods varying in fat and taste and explored how these biometric signatures to food cues were related to food preference behaviours, food choice, and food intake. We developed and tested a biometric food preference task designed to concurrently assess biometric responses (eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions) and food reward to visual food stimuli from different food categories in 100 normal weight adults. Food intake and selection was examined using a simultaneous choice ad libitum buffet. The results from this cross-sectional study showed significant differences in visual attention towards foods varying in fat content and taste prior to making rapid food choice decisions. Furthermore, the study found positive associations between maintained attention during a forced choice paradigm and subsequent food reward and food intake measures. Attention, arousal and facial expression during passive viewing were not associated with food reward or intake measures, except for an association between negative valence and explicit liking such that less liked foods elicited stronger negative facial expressions. The findings indicate that implicit, biometric responses to food cues predict both food reward and actual food intake.

AB - Pervasive exposure to a vast and varied food repertoire has contributed to the obesity epidemic. Within this issue, there is a need for a better understanding of the psychophysiological responses to food cues that precede food choice and food intake to establish how these responses contribute to the link between food availability and increasing obesity levels. Biometric measures such as eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions may separately or collectively provide deeper insight into psychophysiological processes underlying food reward and food intake. We examined how biometric responses differed in foods varying in fat and taste and explored how these biometric signatures to food cues were related to food preference behaviours, food choice, and food intake. We developed and tested a biometric food preference task designed to concurrently assess biometric responses (eye tracking, electrodermal activity and facial expressions) and food reward to visual food stimuli from different food categories in 100 normal weight adults. Food intake and selection was examined using a simultaneous choice ad libitum buffet. The results from this cross-sectional study showed significant differences in visual attention towards foods varying in fat content and taste prior to making rapid food choice decisions. Furthermore, the study found positive associations between maintained attention during a forced choice paradigm and subsequent food reward and food intake measures. Attention, arousal and facial expression during passive viewing were not associated with food reward or intake measures, except for an association between negative valence and explicit liking such that less liked foods elicited stronger negative facial expressions. The findings indicate that implicit, biometric responses to food cues predict both food reward and actual food intake.

KW - Appetite

KW - Biometrics

KW - Food intake

KW - Food reward

KW - Hedonic eating

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85103712543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.foodqual.2021.104248

DO - 10.1016/j.foodqual.2021.104248

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85103712543

VL - 93

JO - Food Quality and Preference

JF - Food Quality and Preference

SN - 0950-3293

M1 - 104248

ER -

ID: 68256001