Intravenous magnesium reduces infarct size after ischemia/reperfusion injury combined with a thrombogenic lesion in the left anterior descending artery

H B Ravn, U Moeldrup, C I Brookes, L B Ilkjaer, P White, M Chew, L Jensen, S Johnsen, L Birk-Soerensen, V E Hjortdal

Abstract

Experimental studies have demonstrated that intravenous magnesium (Mg) can protect the ischemic myocardium and has an antithrombotic effect. In patients with myocardial infarction, the reperfusion injury is complicated by the presence of a thrombogenic area in the affected coronary artery that may cause repetitive thrombus formation and embolization. We investigated the effect of Mg on infarct size in a randomized study in pigs. Myocardial infarction was induced by a 50-minute mechanical occlusion of the left anterior descending artery combined with an arterial injury, which stimulated a dynamic thrombus formation with emboli shedding on reperfusion. Magnesium sulfate (6 mmol/20 min plus 3 mmol/h) or saline was started at 30 minutes after coronary occlusion. Real-time ventricular pressure-volume loops were generated from the left ventricle by using a microtip pressure manometer and a conductance catheter. Platelet accumulation in the myocardium was evaluated by using 111In-labeled platelets. After 4 hours of reperfusion, the infarct size/area at risk ratio in the placebo group was 46+/-0.06% (n=8) compared with 22+/-0.07% (n=6) in the Mg-treated animals (P=0. 03). Ejection fraction decreased significantly in the control group but not in the Mg-treated animals (P=0.03). Platelet accumulation in the myocardium did not change significantly between the Mg- and placebo-treated animals (placebo group, 191+/-19%; Mg group, 177+/-29%; NS). The present study demonstrates that intravenous Mg infusion is able to reduce infarct size by >50% and preserve the ejection fraction in this model where ischemia/reperfusion injury was evaluated in the presence of a thrombogenic area in the nutrient artery.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftArteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
Vol/bind19
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)569-74
Antal sider6
ISSN1079-5642
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 1999

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