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Intraperitoneal administration of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in patients undergoing appendectomy is safe: a phase II clinical trial

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@article{de28cc933cfc4a0493404504f78435db,
title = "Intraperitoneal administration of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in patients undergoing appendectomy is safe: a phase II clinical trial",
abstract = "We aimed to investigate the safety of intraperitoneal administration of the combination of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) in patients undergoing appendectomy. We conducted a prospective phase II clinical trial in 14 otherwise healthy men suffering from uncomplicated appendicitis. After appendectomy, the trial treatment was administered intraperitoneally and left in the abdominal cavity. Trial treatment consisted of 4 g fosfomycin, 1 g metronidazole, and 50 µg rhGM-CSF in a total volume of 500 ml. Safety was evaluated through white blood cell count where a toxic effect was predefined. We evaluated harms and adverse events, repeated biochemical markers, vital signs, and length of stay. White blood cell count did not drop below the toxic range. The recorded harms were dizziness, discomfort when breathing deeply, no flatus, and bloating. Adverse events included three patients with diarrhoea after discharge and one patient with a hypotensive episode. No serious adverse events or infectious complications occurred. Intraperitoneal administration of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and rhGM-CSF was safe in otherwise healthy men undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy. There were some possible harms and adverse events but we were unable to assess if they were related to anaesthesia, surgery, or the trial treatment.",
author = "Siv Fonnes and Holzknecht, {Barbara Juliane} and Magnus Arpi and Jacob Rosenberg",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-019-43151-4",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intraperitoneal administration of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in patients undergoing appendectomy is safe

T2 - a phase II clinical trial

AU - Fonnes, Siv

AU - Holzknecht, Barbara Juliane

AU - Arpi, Magnus

AU - Rosenberg, Jacob

PY - 2019/4/30

Y1 - 2019/4/30

N2 - We aimed to investigate the safety of intraperitoneal administration of the combination of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) in patients undergoing appendectomy. We conducted a prospective phase II clinical trial in 14 otherwise healthy men suffering from uncomplicated appendicitis. After appendectomy, the trial treatment was administered intraperitoneally and left in the abdominal cavity. Trial treatment consisted of 4 g fosfomycin, 1 g metronidazole, and 50 µg rhGM-CSF in a total volume of 500 ml. Safety was evaluated through white blood cell count where a toxic effect was predefined. We evaluated harms and adverse events, repeated biochemical markers, vital signs, and length of stay. White blood cell count did not drop below the toxic range. The recorded harms were dizziness, discomfort when breathing deeply, no flatus, and bloating. Adverse events included three patients with diarrhoea after discharge and one patient with a hypotensive episode. No serious adverse events or infectious complications occurred. Intraperitoneal administration of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and rhGM-CSF was safe in otherwise healthy men undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy. There were some possible harms and adverse events but we were unable to assess if they were related to anaesthesia, surgery, or the trial treatment.

AB - We aimed to investigate the safety of intraperitoneal administration of the combination of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhGM-CSF) in patients undergoing appendectomy. We conducted a prospective phase II clinical trial in 14 otherwise healthy men suffering from uncomplicated appendicitis. After appendectomy, the trial treatment was administered intraperitoneally and left in the abdominal cavity. Trial treatment consisted of 4 g fosfomycin, 1 g metronidazole, and 50 µg rhGM-CSF in a total volume of 500 ml. Safety was evaluated through white blood cell count where a toxic effect was predefined. We evaluated harms and adverse events, repeated biochemical markers, vital signs, and length of stay. White blood cell count did not drop below the toxic range. The recorded harms were dizziness, discomfort when breathing deeply, no flatus, and bloating. Adverse events included three patients with diarrhoea after discharge and one patient with a hypotensive episode. No serious adverse events or infectious complications occurred. Intraperitoneal administration of fosfomycin, metronidazole, and rhGM-CSF was safe in otherwise healthy men undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy. There were some possible harms and adverse events but we were unable to assess if they were related to anaesthesia, surgery, or the trial treatment.

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-019-43151-4

DO - 10.1038/s41598-019-43151-4

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 6727

ER -

ID: 57442744