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Internal fixation of femoral shaft fractures in children and adolescents: A ten- to twenty-one-year follow-up of 52 fractures

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In a long-term follow-up (mean 16 years) of 52 femoral shaft fractures treated by internal fixation in 50 children and adolescents, we noted a mean overgrowth of 1 mm after plating and a mean undergrowth or relative shortening of 2 and 9 mm after nailing with broad (IMN) and slender (flexible rods: IMR) intramedullary nails, respectively. The mean overgrowth was 8 mm in children, but adolescents had a mean undergrowth of 5 mm (p < 0.01). Excessive overgrowth tended to occur less frequently after intramedullary nailing than after plating (p= 0.1). Undergrowth tended to occur with increasing frequency with increasing age and attained troublesome levels in three patients with severe trauma. Three cases of moderate valgus deformity of the hip and one case of late arthrosis of the hip occurred after intramedullary nailing with IMN introduced through the greater trochanter. We conclude that this method should not be used in patients with open physes.

TidsskriftJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics Part B
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)195-199
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 1996

ID: 70400639