Interleukin-2 dose, blood monocyte and CD25+ lymphocyte counts as predictors of clinical response to interleukin-2 therapy in patients with renal cell carcinoma

G G Hermann, P F Geertsen, H von der Maase, J Zeuthen

21 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine immunological parameters in the peripheral blood that correlate with the clinical effect of interleukin-2 (IL-2) in patients with metastatic renal cell cancer. A group of 26 patients with metastatic renal cell cancer underwent IL-2 treatment using a 36-day schedule with continuous intravenous IL-2 infusion (3 x 10(6) units m-2 day-1) administered from days 1 to 5 and days 12 to 16. The white blood cell count and the absolute and relative number of neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils and monocytes were recorded six times in peripheral blood during the treatment. Also the blood counts of T cell and NK cell subsets and cells expressing the T cell activation markers IL-2R alpha and VLA-1 were measured. The lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cell cytotoxicity was measured either with or without additional in vitro stimulation by IL-2. Multivariate statistical analysis showed that the clinical responses were related to the administered dose of IL-2, to a low number of blood cells expressing IL-2 receptors and to a reduction in the blood monocyte count (P less than 0.05).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCancer immunology, immunotherapy
Vol/bind34
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)111-4
Antal sider4
ISSN0340-7004
StatusUdgivet - 1991

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