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Udgivet

Intellectual Curiosity and Action Initiation are Subtypes of Apathy Affected in Huntington Disease Gene Expansion Carriers

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BACKGROUND: Apathy is a prevalent behavioral syndrome of Huntington disease (HD) that can result in severe loss of function for the individual with HD and substantial caregiver distress. Research-based evidence of apathy is characterized by methodological differences, and there is a deficiency in the evidence concerning the subtypes of apathy.

OBJECTIVE: To characterize apathy in premanifest and motor-manifest HD gene expansion carriers and controls using the Short Problem Behaviors Assessment for Huntington's Disease (PBA-s) and the Lille Apathy Rating Scale (LARS).

METHOD: We included 82 HD gene expansion carriers (premanifest and motor manifest) and 32 controls (Mini-Mental State Examination score ≥24 and Montreal Cognitive Assessment score ≥19) in the study. We quantified apathy using the PBA-s and the LARS and performed correlation analyses between the global LARS score and motor function, cytosine-adenine-guanine repeat length, cytosine-adenine-guanine Age Product score, and neuropsychiatric and cognitive symptoms.

RESULTS: The motor-manifest HD gene expansion carriers scored significantly higher than the controls on the global score and the Intellectual Curiosity and Action Initiation subscales of the LARS. Apathy was present in 28% of the HD gene expansion carriers (including 7 premanifest). The apathetic participants had a significantly higher motor score, significantly higher scores on the neuropsychiatric instruments, and significantly lower cognitive scores compared with the controls.

CONCLUSION: Apathy is a frequent syndrome that is found in individuals with HD. Apathy has a specific expression, with symptoms such as reduced initiation, voluntary actions, and interests, that might be related to the underlying neuropathology. Apathy is related to disease progression, neuropsychiatric symptoms, and cognitive impairments.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCognitive and behavioral neurology : official journal of the Society for Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology
Vol/bind34
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)295-302
Antal sider8
ISSN1543-3633
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2 dec. 2021

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