Insulin-like growth factor-1 gene therapy and cell transplantation in diabetic wounds

Tobias Hirsch, Malte Spielmann, Patrik Velander, Baraa Zuhaili, Oliver Bleiziffer, Magdalena Fossum, Lars Steinstraesser, Feng Yao, Elof Eriksson

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Impaired wound healing is a frequent phenomenon in diabetes mellitus. However, little is known of the fundamental cause of this pathology. The present study examined the effect of human insulin-like growth factor (hIGF)-1 overexpression in combination with autologous cell transplantation to diabetic wounds in a preclinical large-animal model.

METHODS: Diabetes was induced in Yorkshire pigs with streptozotocin. Keratinocytes were cultured and transfected with hIGF-1 or LacZ transgene. Plasmids were lipoplexed with either Lipofectin or Lipofectamin 2000. Transgene expression was assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or X-gal staining. For in vivo studies, full-thickness wounds were created and dressed with a sealed chamber. Transfected cells were transplanted into the wounds. Wound contraction was monitored and biopsies were obtained for measurement of re-epithelialization. Wound fluid was collected and analysed for IGF-1 concentrations.

RESULTS: Quantification showed up to 740 ng/ml IGF-1 in vitro and significantly higher concentrations over 14 days compared to controls for the Lipofectamin 2000 group. Lipofectin-mediated gene transfer showed peak expression on day 2 with 68.5 ng/ml. In vivo, transfected cells showed peak expression of 457 ng/ml at day 1, followed by subsequent decline to 5 ng/ml on day 12 with Lipofectamin 2000. For Lipofectin, no significant IGF-1 expression could be detected. Gene therapy caused significantly faster wound closure (83%) than both controls (native-cell therapy = 57%; control wounds = 32%).

CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that optimized nonviral gene transfer increased IGF-1 expression in diabetic wounds by up to 900-fold. This high IGF-1 concentration in combination with cell therapy improved diabetic wound healing significantly.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe journal of gene medicine
Vol/bind10
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1247-52
Antal sider6
ISSN1099-498X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2008
Udgivet eksterntJa

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