Initial high-efficacy disease-modifying therapy in multiple sclerosis: A nationwide cohort study

Mathias Due Buron, Thor Ameri Chalmer, Finn Sellebjerg, Ismael Barzinji, Jeppe Romme Christensen, Mette Kirstine Christensen, Victoria Hansen, Zsolt Illes, Henrik Boye Jensen, Matthias Kant, Viktoria Papp, Thor Petersen, Peter Vestergaard Rasmussen, Jakob Schäfer, Ásta Theódórsdóttir, Arkadiusz Weglewski, Per Soelberg Sorensen, Melinda Magyari

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of high-efficacy disease-modifying therapies (heDMTs) vs medium-efficacy disease-modifying therapies (meDMT) as the first treatment choice in treatment-naive patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) on disability worsening and relapses. We assessed this using a nationwide population-based MS registry.

METHODS: We identified all patients starting a heDMT as first-time treatment from the Danish Multiple Sclerosis Registry and compared treatment outcomes with a propensity score matched sample of patients starting meDMT.

RESULTS: We included 388 patients in the study: 194 starting initial therapy with heDMT matched to 194 patients starting meDMT. At 4 years of follow-up, the probabilities of a 6-month confirmed Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score worsening were 16.7% (95% confidence interval [CI] 10.4%-23.0%) and 30.1% (95% CI 23.1%-37.1%) for heDMT and meDMT initiators, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] 0.53, 95% CI 0.33-0.83, p = 0.006). Patients initiating heDMT also had a lower probability of a first relapse (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.37-0.67). Results were similar after pairwise censoring and in subgroups with high baseline activity, diagnosis after 2006, or information on baseline T2 lesion load.

CONCLUSION: We found a lower probability of 6-month confirmed EDSS score worsening and lower probability of a first relapse in patients starting a heDMT as first therapy, compared to a matched sample starting meDMT.

CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class III evidence that for patients with MS, starting heDMT lowers the risk of EDSS worsening and relapses compared to starting meDMT.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer32636328
TidsskriftNeurology
Vol/bind95
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)e1041-e1051
Antal sider11
ISSN0028-3878
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 25 aug. 2020

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