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Influence of the integrin alpha-1 subunit and its relationship with high-fat diet upon extracellular matrix synthesis in skeletal muscle and tendon

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Vis graf over relationer
Integrins are important for mechanosensation in tissue and play, together with nutrition, a role in regulating extracellular matrix (ECM) in skeletal muscle and tendon. Integrin receptors are dimers that consist of an α and β subunit and bridge extracellular and intracellular signals. The present study investigates whether the deletion of the integrin receptor α1 subunit influences collagen and other matrix proteins in the musculotendinous tissue and whether it causes any compensatory changes in other integrin subunits in C57BL/6J mice. In addition, we study whether a high-fat diet (HFD) influences these responses in muscle or tendon. Mice on a HFD had a higher number of non-enzymatic cross-links in skeletal muscle ECM and increased gene expression of collagen and other extracellular matrix proteins. In contrast to gene expression, total collagen protein content was decreased by HFD in the muscle with no change in tendon. Integrin α1 subunit knockout resulted in a decrease of collagen type I and III, TGF-β1 and IGF-1 gene expression in muscle of HFD mice but did not affect total collagen protein compared with wild-type (WT) littermates in either muscle or tendon. There was no compensatory increase in the genes that express other integrin subunits. In conclusion, HFD induced a significant increase in expression of ECM genes in muscle. On the protein level, HFD resulted in a lower collagen content in muscle. Tendons were unaffected by the diet. Deletion of the integrin α1 subunit did not affect collagen protein or gene expression in muscle or tendon.

Keywords: Integrin; Muscle; Tendon.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCell and Tissue Research
ISSN0302-766X
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2020

ID: 61777796