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Influence of reduced diffusing capacity and FEV1 on outcome after cardiac surgery

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@article{1ba6dd0c7a9a4db6a80d12f73eabbcb2,
title = "Influence of reduced diffusing capacity and FEV1 on outcome after cardiac surgery",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Impaired lung function is a well-known risk factor in cardiac surgery patients and reduced forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ) is associated with increased mortality. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the influence of impaired diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in unselected cardiac surgery patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of impaired DLCO and/or reduced FEV1 on post-operative mortality and morbidity in cardiac surgery patients.METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 390 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery underwent preoperative lung function test including spirometry and DLCO measurements. We defined reduced FEV1 as FEV1 below lower limit of normal (LLN) and impaired DLCO as DLCO <60% of predicted.RESULTS: Mortality within 1 year (90-570 days) was significantly higher in patients with impaired DLCO (12% vs 3%, P = .010) and with reduced FEV1 (9% vs 3%, P = .028). Mortality was higher in patients with impaired DLCO both in the presence and absence of FEV1 < LLN. In multivariate analysis, only impaired DLCO [OR: 3.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-7.5; P = .005] and age (OR: 1.1 per year, 95% CI 1.0-1.2; P = .001) were independent predictors of the combined outcome of mortality and prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Impaired DLCO was also associated with post-operative respiratory complications.CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery, preoperative impaired FEV1 and DLCO were associated with increased mortality and morbidity. In multivariate analysis, only DLCO and age were independent predictors of a combined outcome of mortality and prolonged ICU stay.",
keywords = "Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality, Elective Surgical Procedures, Forced Expiratory Volume, Humans, Prospective Studies, Respiratory Function Tests, Spirometry",
author = "Risom, {Emilie C} and Buggeskov, {Katrine B} and Petersen, {Ren{\'e} H} and Jann Mortensen and Ravn, {Hanne B}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation.",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1111/aas.13935",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "1221--1228",
journal = "Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-5172",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Munksgaard",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of reduced diffusing capacity and FEV1 on outcome after cardiac surgery

AU - Risom, Emilie C

AU - Buggeskov, Katrine B

AU - Petersen, René H

AU - Mortensen, Jann

AU - Ravn, Hanne B

N1 - © 2021 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica Foundation.

PY - 2021/10

Y1 - 2021/10

N2 - BACKGROUND: Impaired lung function is a well-known risk factor in cardiac surgery patients and reduced forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ) is associated with increased mortality. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the influence of impaired diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in unselected cardiac surgery patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of impaired DLCO and/or reduced FEV1 on post-operative mortality and morbidity in cardiac surgery patients.METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 390 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery underwent preoperative lung function test including spirometry and DLCO measurements. We defined reduced FEV1 as FEV1 below lower limit of normal (LLN) and impaired DLCO as DLCO <60% of predicted.RESULTS: Mortality within 1 year (90-570 days) was significantly higher in patients with impaired DLCO (12% vs 3%, P = .010) and with reduced FEV1 (9% vs 3%, P = .028). Mortality was higher in patients with impaired DLCO both in the presence and absence of FEV1 < LLN. In multivariate analysis, only impaired DLCO [OR: 3.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-7.5; P = .005] and age (OR: 1.1 per year, 95% CI 1.0-1.2; P = .001) were independent predictors of the combined outcome of mortality and prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Impaired DLCO was also associated with post-operative respiratory complications.CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery, preoperative impaired FEV1 and DLCO were associated with increased mortality and morbidity. In multivariate analysis, only DLCO and age were independent predictors of a combined outcome of mortality and prolonged ICU stay.

AB - BACKGROUND: Impaired lung function is a well-known risk factor in cardiac surgery patients and reduced forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1 ) is associated with increased mortality. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the influence of impaired diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in unselected cardiac surgery patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of impaired DLCO and/or reduced FEV1 on post-operative mortality and morbidity in cardiac surgery patients.METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, 390 patients scheduled for elective cardiac surgery underwent preoperative lung function test including spirometry and DLCO measurements. We defined reduced FEV1 as FEV1 below lower limit of normal (LLN) and impaired DLCO as DLCO <60% of predicted.RESULTS: Mortality within 1 year (90-570 days) was significantly higher in patients with impaired DLCO (12% vs 3%, P = .010) and with reduced FEV1 (9% vs 3%, P = .028). Mortality was higher in patients with impaired DLCO both in the presence and absence of FEV1 < LLN. In multivariate analysis, only impaired DLCO [OR: 3.3, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.4-7.5; P = .005] and age (OR: 1.1 per year, 95% CI 1.0-1.2; P = .001) were independent predictors of the combined outcome of mortality and prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Impaired DLCO was also associated with post-operative respiratory complications.CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery, preoperative impaired FEV1 and DLCO were associated with increased mortality and morbidity. In multivariate analysis, only DLCO and age were independent predictors of a combined outcome of mortality and prolonged ICU stay.

KW - Cardiac Surgical Procedures/mortality

KW - Elective Surgical Procedures

KW - Forced Expiratory Volume

KW - Humans

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - Respiratory Function Tests

KW - Spirometry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85108372685&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/aas.13935

DO - 10.1111/aas.13935

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34089538

VL - 65

SP - 1221

EP - 1228

JO - Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-5172

IS - 9

ER -

ID: 73780711