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Induction of Broad β-lactam Resistance in Achromobacter ruhlandii by Exposure to Ticarcillin Is Primarily Linked to Substitutions in Murein Peptide Ligase Mpl

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Achromobacter species are emerging pathogens in cystic fibrosis with inherent resistance to several classes of antimicrobial agents. We exposed strains with wild-type antimicrobial susceptibility to ticarcillin and generated mutants with broad β-lactam resistance. Within the detection limit of the assay, the capability to develop mutational resistance was strain-specific and reproducible. Mutational resistance was observed for all three tested strains of Achromobacter ruhlandii, for one of seven strains of Achromobacter xylosoxidans, and for none of five strains of Achromobacter insuavis. All mutants were resistant to piperacillin-tazobactam, while minimal inhibitory concentration of several other β-lactams increased 4-32-fold. Whole genome sequencing identified 1-4 non-synonymous mutations in known genes per mutant. All mutants encoded amino acid substitutions in cell wall recycling proteins, primarily Mpl, and the observed resistance is probably caused by hyperproduction of OXA-114-like β-lactamases. Related, but not identical substitutions were detected in clinical strains expressing acquired antimicrobial resistance.

Udgave nummer2
StatusUdgivet - 11 feb. 2022

ID: 79745022