Individualized quantification of the benefit from reperfusion therapy using stroke predictive models

Brice Ozenne, Tae-Hee Cho, Irene Klaerke Mikkelsen, Marc Hermier, Götz Thomalla, Salvador Pedraza, Pascal Roy, Yves Berthezène, Norbert Nighoghossian, Leif Østergaard, Jean-Claude Baron, Delphine Maucort-Boulch


PURPOSE: Recent imaging developments have shown the potential of voxel-based models in assessing infarct growth after stroke. Many models have been proposed but their relevance in predicting the benefit of a reperfusion therapy remains unclear. We searched for a predictive model whose volumetric predictions would identify stroke patients who are to benefit from tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)-induced reperfusion.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-five cases were used to study retrospectively stroke progression from admission to end of follow-up. Predictive approaches based on various statistical models, predictive variables and spatial filtering methods were compared. The optimal approach was chosen according to the area under the precision-recall curve (AUPRC). The final lesion volume was then predicted assuming that the patient would or would not reperfuse. Patients, with an acute lesion of ≤50 ml and a predicted reduction in the presence of reperfusion >6 ml and >25% of the acute lesion, were classified as responders.

RESULTS: The optimal model was a logistic regression using the voxel distance to the acute lesion, the volume of the acute lesion and Gaussian-filtered MRI contrast parameters as predictive variables. The predictions gave a median AUPRC of 0.655, a median AUC of 0.976 and a median volumetric error of 8.29 ml. Nineteen patients matched the responder profile. A non-significant trend of improved reduction in NIHSS score (-42.8%, p = .09) and in lesion volume (-78.1%, p = 0.21) following reperfusion was observed for responder patients.

CONCLUSION: Despite limited volumetric accuracy, predictive stroke models can be used to quantify the benefit of reperfusion therapies.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)3251-3260
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2019


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