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Indication of the radiofrequency induced lesion size by pre-ablation measurements

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BACKGROUND: During radiofrequency ablation of arrhythmias tissue heating and hence lesion size depend on electrode-tissue contact and cooling of the electrode tip caused by cavitary blood flow. These factors are unique and unknown for each catheter placement in the beating heart. A tool for assessing these factors prior to ablation may indicate the lesion size which will be obtained for any given catheter position.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Radiofrequency ablation was performed in vitro on strips of left ventricular porcine myocardium during two different levels of convective cooling (0 or 0.1 m/s), two different contact pressures (10 or 30 g) and parallel or perpendicular electrode-tissue orientation using 7F 4 mm tip catheters. Prior to ablation the impedance rise (DeltaIMP) caused by the obtained contact and the temperature rise with a 0.6 W 5 s test pulse (DeltaT) were measured. Subsequently, during unchanged conditions, radiofrequency ablation was performed as either temperature-controlled, power-controlled or irrigated tip ablation and lesion size was determined. DeltaIMP increased significantly (P < 0.05) by improved contact, whereas it was not affected by convective cooling. DeltaT was significantly increased by increasing contact pressure (P < 0.05) and significantly decreased by increased cooling (P < 0.001). DeltaT was not systematically affected by electrode orientation. The product of DeltaT and DeltaIMP showed a significant correlation between the obtained lesion size and power output for temperature-controlled and between lesion size and tip temperature for power-controlled ablation (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Pre-ablation measurement of DeltaIMP and DeltaT can indicate the lesion size resulting after ablation in temperature-controlled, power-controlled and irrigated ablation in vitro, since DeltaT reflects cavitary cooling and to a smaller extent electrode-tissue contact, and DeltaIMP reflects only electrode-tissue contact.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)525-34
Antal sider10
ISSN1099-5129
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2005

ID: 51560946