Incidence of low- and high-energy fractures in persons with and without HIV-infection: a Danish population-based cohort study

Ann-Brit E Hansen, Jan Gerstoft, Gitte Kronborg, Carsten Schade Larsen, Court Pedersen, Gitte Pedersen, Niels Obel

132 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:: To compare fracture risk in persons with and without HIV-infection and to examine the influence of HAART initiation on risk of fracture. DESIGN:: Population-based nationwide cohort study using Danish registries. METHODS:: Outcome measures were time to first fracture at any site, time to first low-energy and high-energy fracture in HIV-infected patients (n = 5,306) compared with a general population control cohort (n = 26,530) matched by sex and age during the study period 1995 to 2009. Cox regression analyses were used to estimate incidence rate ratios (IRR). RESULTS:: HIV-infected patients had increased risk of fracture [IRR: 1.5 (95% CI; 1.4-1.7)] compared with population controls. The relative risk was lower in HIV-monoinfected patients [IRR: 1.3 (95% CI; 1.2-1.4)] than in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients [IRR: 2.9 (95% CI; 2.5-3.4)].Both HIV-monoinfected and HIV/HCV-coinfected patients had increased risk of low-energy fracture, IRR of 1.6 (95% CI; 1.4-1.8) and 3.8 (95% CI; 3.0-4.9). However, only HIV/HCV-coinfected patients had increased risk of high-energy fracture, IRR of 2.4 (95 %CI; 2.0-2.9). Among HIV-monoinfected patients the risk of low-energy fracture was only significantly increased after HAART-exposure, IRR of 1.8 (95% CI; 1.5-2.1). The increased risk in HAART-exposed patients was not associated with CD4 cell count, prior AIDS, tenofovir or efavirenz exposure, but with comorbidity and smoking. CONCLUSIONS:: HIV-infected patients had increased risk of fracture compared with population controls. Among HIV-monoinfected patients the increased risk was observed for low-energy but not for high-energy fractures, and the increased risk of low-energy fracture was only observed in HAART-exposed patients.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAIDS
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)285-93
ISSN0269-9370
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 28 jan. 2012

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