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Incidence of Incisional Hernia Repair After Laparoscopic Compared to Open Resection of Colonic Cancer: A Nationwide Analysis of 17,717 Patients

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BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether laparoscopic compared to open surgery translates into fewer incisional hernia repairs (IHR). The objectives of the current study were to compare the long-term incidence of IHR and the size of repaired hernias between patients subjected to laparoscopic or open resection of colonic cancer.

METHODS: This was a nationwide cohort study comprised of patients undergoing resection for colonic cancer between January 2007 and March 2016 according to the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group database. Patients who subsequently underwent IHR were identified in the Danish Ventral Hernia Database, from which information about the priority of the hernia repair and the size of the fascial defect was retrieved.

RESULTS: The study included 17,717 patients, of whom 482 (2.7%) underwent subsequent IHR during a median follow-up of 4.7 (interquartile range 2.8-6.9) years. There was no significant difference in the 5-year cumulative incidence of hernia repair after laparoscopic compared to open colonic resection (3.9%, CI 3.3-4.4% vs 4.1%, CI 3.5-4.6%). After adjustment for confounders, laparoscopic approach was associated with an increased rate of emergency IHR (HR 2.37, 95% CI 1.03-5.46, P = 0.042) as opposed to elective IHR (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.73-1.14, P = 0.442). Laparoscopic surgery was significantly associated with a decreased fascial defect area compared to open surgery (mean difference -16.0 cm2, 95% CI -29.4 to -2.5, P = 0.020).

CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in the incidence of IHR after open compared to laparoscopic resection. Compared to the open approach, laparoscopic resection increased the rate of subsequent emergency IHR, suggesting that a more aggressive therapeutic approach may be warranted in this patient group upon diagnosis of an incisional hernia.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWorld Journal of Surgery
Vol/bind44
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)1627-1636
Antal sider10
ISSN0364-2313
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020

ID: 61703159