Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Incidence, comorbidity and mortality in patients with necrotising soft-tissue infections, 2005-2018: a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{7128690bf84f4280a5cd38f119568dd2,
title = "Incidence, comorbidity and mortality in patients with necrotising soft-tissue infections, 2005-2018: a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence, comorbidities, treatment modalities and mortality in patients with necrotising soft-tissue infections (NSTIs) in Denmark.DESIGN: Nationwide population-based registry study.SETTING: Denmark.PARTICIPANTS: Danish residents with NSTI between 1 January 2005 and 31 August 2018.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incidence of disease per 100 000 person/year and all-cause mortality at day 90 obtained from Danish National Patient Registry and the Danish Civil Registration System.RESULTS: 1527 patients with NSTI were identified, yielding an incidence of 1.99 per 100 000 person/year. All-cause 30-day, 90-day and 1-year mortality were 19.4{\%} (95{\%} CI 17.4{\%} to 21.5{\%}), 25.2{\%} (95{\%} CI 23.1{\%} to 27.5{\%}) and 30.4{\%} (95{\%} CI 28.0{\%} to 32.8{\%}), respectively. Amputation occurred in 7{\%} of the individuals. Diabetes was the most predominant comorbidity affecting 43{\%} of the cohort, while 26{\%} had no comorbidities. Higher age, female sex and increasing comorbidity index were found to be independent risk factors of mortality. Admission to high-volume hospitals was associated with improved survival (OR 0.59, 95{\%} CI 0.45 to 0.77). Thirty-six per cent received hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) as an adjunctive therapy. No change in overall mortality was found over the studied time period.CONCLUSION: The present study found that in Denmark, the incidence of NSTI increased; mortality rates remained high and largely unaltered. Diabetes was the most common comorbidity, while higher age, female sex and increasing comorbidity index were associated to increased mortality. Survival was improved in those admitted to hospitals with more expertise in treating NSTI. In high-volume hospital, HBOT was associated with decreased odds for mortality.",
keywords = "adult intensive & critical care, adult surgery, epidemiology, infectious diseases",
author = "Morten Hedetoft and Madsen, {Martin Bruun} and Madsen, {L{\ae}rke Bruun} and Ole Hyldegaard",
note = "{\circledC} Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.",
year = "2020",
month = "10",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041302",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "e041302",
journal = "BMJ Paediatrics Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incidence, comorbidity and mortality in patients with necrotising soft-tissue infections, 2005-2018

T2 - a Danish nationwide register-based cohort study

AU - Hedetoft, Morten

AU - Madsen, Martin Bruun

AU - Madsen, Lærke Bruun

AU - Hyldegaard, Ole

N1 - © Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2020. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

PY - 2020/10/16

Y1 - 2020/10/16

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence, comorbidities, treatment modalities and mortality in patients with necrotising soft-tissue infections (NSTIs) in Denmark.DESIGN: Nationwide population-based registry study.SETTING: Denmark.PARTICIPANTS: Danish residents with NSTI between 1 January 2005 and 31 August 2018.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incidence of disease per 100 000 person/year and all-cause mortality at day 90 obtained from Danish National Patient Registry and the Danish Civil Registration System.RESULTS: 1527 patients with NSTI were identified, yielding an incidence of 1.99 per 100 000 person/year. All-cause 30-day, 90-day and 1-year mortality were 19.4% (95% CI 17.4% to 21.5%), 25.2% (95% CI 23.1% to 27.5%) and 30.4% (95% CI 28.0% to 32.8%), respectively. Amputation occurred in 7% of the individuals. Diabetes was the most predominant comorbidity affecting 43% of the cohort, while 26% had no comorbidities. Higher age, female sex and increasing comorbidity index were found to be independent risk factors of mortality. Admission to high-volume hospitals was associated with improved survival (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.45 to 0.77). Thirty-six per cent received hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) as an adjunctive therapy. No change in overall mortality was found over the studied time period.CONCLUSION: The present study found that in Denmark, the incidence of NSTI increased; mortality rates remained high and largely unaltered. Diabetes was the most common comorbidity, while higher age, female sex and increasing comorbidity index were associated to increased mortality. Survival was improved in those admitted to hospitals with more expertise in treating NSTI. In high-volume hospital, HBOT was associated with decreased odds for mortality.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence, comorbidities, treatment modalities and mortality in patients with necrotising soft-tissue infections (NSTIs) in Denmark.DESIGN: Nationwide population-based registry study.SETTING: Denmark.PARTICIPANTS: Danish residents with NSTI between 1 January 2005 and 31 August 2018.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Incidence of disease per 100 000 person/year and all-cause mortality at day 90 obtained from Danish National Patient Registry and the Danish Civil Registration System.RESULTS: 1527 patients with NSTI were identified, yielding an incidence of 1.99 per 100 000 person/year. All-cause 30-day, 90-day and 1-year mortality were 19.4% (95% CI 17.4% to 21.5%), 25.2% (95% CI 23.1% to 27.5%) and 30.4% (95% CI 28.0% to 32.8%), respectively. Amputation occurred in 7% of the individuals. Diabetes was the most predominant comorbidity affecting 43% of the cohort, while 26% had no comorbidities. Higher age, female sex and increasing comorbidity index were found to be independent risk factors of mortality. Admission to high-volume hospitals was associated with improved survival (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.45 to 0.77). Thirty-six per cent received hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) as an adjunctive therapy. No change in overall mortality was found over the studied time period.CONCLUSION: The present study found that in Denmark, the incidence of NSTI increased; mortality rates remained high and largely unaltered. Diabetes was the most common comorbidity, while higher age, female sex and increasing comorbidity index were associated to increased mortality. Survival was improved in those admitted to hospitals with more expertise in treating NSTI. In high-volume hospital, HBOT was associated with decreased odds for mortality.

KW - adult intensive & critical care

KW - adult surgery

KW - epidemiology

KW - infectious diseases

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85093705914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041302

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-041302

M3 - Journal article

VL - 10

SP - e041302

JO - BMJ Paediatrics Open

JF - BMJ Paediatrics Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 10

M1 - e041302

ER -

ID: 61082428