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In vivo Motion Correction in Super Resolution Imaging of Rat Kidneys

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Super-resolution (SR) imaging has the potential of visualizing the microvasculature down to the 10- [Formula: see text] level, but motion induced by breathing, heartbeats, and muscle contractions are often significantly above this level. This article, therefore, introduces a method for estimating tissue motion and compensating for this. The processing pipeline is described and validated using Field II simulations of an artificial kidney. In vivo measurements were conducted using a modified bk5000 research scanner (BK Medical, Herlev, Denmark) with a BK 9009 linear array probe employing a pulse amplitude modulation scheme. The left kidney of ten Sprague-Dawley rats was scanned during open laparotomy. A 1:10 diluted SonoVue contrast agent (Bracco, Milan, Italy) was injected through a jugular vein catheter at 100 [Formula: see text]/min. Motion was estimated using speckle tracking and decomposed into contributions from the heartbeats, breathing, and residual motion. The estimated peak motions and their precisions were: heart: axial- [Formula: see text] and lateral- [Formula: see text], breathing: axial- [Formula: see text] and lateral- [Formula: see text], and residual: axial-30 [Formula: see text] and lateral-90 [Formula: see text]. The motion corrected microbubble tracks yielded SR images of both bubble density and blood vector velocity. The estimation was, thus, sufficiently precise to correct shifts down to the 10- [Formula: see text] capillary level. Similar results were found in the other kidney measurements with a restoration of resolution for the small vessels demonstrating that motion correction in 2-D can enhance SR imaging quality.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Vol/bind68
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)3082-3093
Antal sider12
ISSN0885-3010
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2021

ID: 66792057