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Implications of the International Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group consensus criteria for paediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: a nationwide validation study

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@article{082c868b38a84d5586474183f6ad01bb,
title = "Implications of the International Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group consensus criteria for paediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis: a nationwide validation study",
abstract = "AIM: The International Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group (IPMSSG) has proposed criteria for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) not evaluated in clinical practice. Our objective was to assess epidemiological implications of the IPMSSG criteria for ADEM in a cohort study using prospectively collected data.METHOD: We identified all diagnosed cases of ADEM in Denmark between 2008 and 2015 from the Danish National Patient Register by International Classification of Diseases 10 codes assigned to acute demyelinating episodes, and we reviewed all medical records to validate ADEM.RESULTS: We found 52 children up to the age of 18 years with a verified clinical diagnosis of ADEM (incidence rate 0.54/100 000 person-years; all had abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging). Only 18 (35%) fulfilled the IPMSSG criteria regarding encephalopathy and polyfocal neurological deficits. Among all 52 children with ADEM, 33 per cent had clinical sequelae after a median follow-up of 4 years 6 months (range: 10mo-8y 3mo). Surprisingly, none progressed to multiphasic ADEM or multiple sclerosis, but median age at end of follow-up was only 10 years 9 months (range: 2y-24y 3mo).INTERPRETATION: Among 52 children with ADEM, none converted to multiphasic ADEM or multiple sclerosis (median follow-up: 4y 6mo; range: 10mo-8y 3mo). Applying the IPMSSG criteria to all children with a diagnosis of ADEM leaves 65 per cent of the cases without a diagnosis and lowers the incidence rate of paediatric ADEM.WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: The incidence of paediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) was 0.54 per 100 000 person-years in children younger than 18 years. Only 35 per cent of children with ADEM fulfilled the International Paediatric Study Group consensus criteria. ADEM in clinical practice was primarily based on magnetic resonance imaging findings. Paediatric neurologists diagnosed ADEM in the absence of encephalopathy. None of the children with ADEM progressed to multiple sclerosis/multiphasic ADEM during follow-up.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid, Brain/diagnostic imaging, Child, Child, Preschool, Consensus, Denmark, Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/diagnosis, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Incidence, Infant, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Multiple Sclerosis, Registries, Young Adult",
author = "Boesen, {Magnus S} and Morten Blinkenberg and Nils Koch-Henriksen and Thygesen, {Lau C} and Uldall, {Peter V} and Melinda Magyari and Born, {Alfred P}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2018 Mac Keith Press.",
year = "2018",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1111/dmcn.13798",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "1123--1131",
journal = "Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology",
issn = "0012-1622",
publisher = "Mac Keith Press",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Implications of the International Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group consensus criteria for paediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis

T2 - a nationwide validation study

AU - Boesen, Magnus S

AU - Blinkenberg, Morten

AU - Koch-Henriksen, Nils

AU - Thygesen, Lau C

AU - Uldall, Peter V

AU - Magyari, Melinda

AU - Born, Alfred P

N1 - © 2018 Mac Keith Press.

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - AIM: The International Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group (IPMSSG) has proposed criteria for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) not evaluated in clinical practice. Our objective was to assess epidemiological implications of the IPMSSG criteria for ADEM in a cohort study using prospectively collected data.METHOD: We identified all diagnosed cases of ADEM in Denmark between 2008 and 2015 from the Danish National Patient Register by International Classification of Diseases 10 codes assigned to acute demyelinating episodes, and we reviewed all medical records to validate ADEM.RESULTS: We found 52 children up to the age of 18 years with a verified clinical diagnosis of ADEM (incidence rate 0.54/100 000 person-years; all had abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging). Only 18 (35%) fulfilled the IPMSSG criteria regarding encephalopathy and polyfocal neurological deficits. Among all 52 children with ADEM, 33 per cent had clinical sequelae after a median follow-up of 4 years 6 months (range: 10mo-8y 3mo). Surprisingly, none progressed to multiphasic ADEM or multiple sclerosis, but median age at end of follow-up was only 10 years 9 months (range: 2y-24y 3mo).INTERPRETATION: Among 52 children with ADEM, none converted to multiphasic ADEM or multiple sclerosis (median follow-up: 4y 6mo; range: 10mo-8y 3mo). Applying the IPMSSG criteria to all children with a diagnosis of ADEM leaves 65 per cent of the cases without a diagnosis and lowers the incidence rate of paediatric ADEM.WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: The incidence of paediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) was 0.54 per 100 000 person-years in children younger than 18 years. Only 35 per cent of children with ADEM fulfilled the International Paediatric Study Group consensus criteria. ADEM in clinical practice was primarily based on magnetic resonance imaging findings. Paediatric neurologists diagnosed ADEM in the absence of encephalopathy. None of the children with ADEM progressed to multiple sclerosis/multiphasic ADEM during follow-up.

AB - AIM: The International Paediatric Multiple Sclerosis Study Group (IPMSSG) has proposed criteria for acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) not evaluated in clinical practice. Our objective was to assess epidemiological implications of the IPMSSG criteria for ADEM in a cohort study using prospectively collected data.METHOD: We identified all diagnosed cases of ADEM in Denmark between 2008 and 2015 from the Danish National Patient Register by International Classification of Diseases 10 codes assigned to acute demyelinating episodes, and we reviewed all medical records to validate ADEM.RESULTS: We found 52 children up to the age of 18 years with a verified clinical diagnosis of ADEM (incidence rate 0.54/100 000 person-years; all had abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging). Only 18 (35%) fulfilled the IPMSSG criteria regarding encephalopathy and polyfocal neurological deficits. Among all 52 children with ADEM, 33 per cent had clinical sequelae after a median follow-up of 4 years 6 months (range: 10mo-8y 3mo). Surprisingly, none progressed to multiphasic ADEM or multiple sclerosis, but median age at end of follow-up was only 10 years 9 months (range: 2y-24y 3mo).INTERPRETATION: Among 52 children with ADEM, none converted to multiphasic ADEM or multiple sclerosis (median follow-up: 4y 6mo; range: 10mo-8y 3mo). Applying the IPMSSG criteria to all children with a diagnosis of ADEM leaves 65 per cent of the cases without a diagnosis and lowers the incidence rate of paediatric ADEM.WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS: The incidence of paediatric acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) was 0.54 per 100 000 person-years in children younger than 18 years. Only 35 per cent of children with ADEM fulfilled the International Paediatric Study Group consensus criteria. ADEM in clinical practice was primarily based on magnetic resonance imaging findings. Paediatric neurologists diagnosed ADEM in the absence of encephalopathy. None of the children with ADEM progressed to multiple sclerosis/multiphasic ADEM during follow-up.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid

KW - Brain/diagnostic imaging

KW - Child

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Consensus

KW - Denmark

KW - Encephalomyelitis, Acute Disseminated/diagnosis

KW - Female

KW - Follow-Up Studies

KW - Humans

KW - Incidence

KW - Infant

KW - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

KW - Male

KW - Multiple Sclerosis

KW - Registries

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1111/dmcn.13798

DO - 10.1111/dmcn.13798

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29744874

VL - 60

SP - 1123

EP - 1131

JO - Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

JF - Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

SN - 0012-1622

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 55739632