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Impaired endothelial barrier function in apolipoprotein M-deficient mice is dependent on sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1

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Christensen, Pernille M ; Liu, Catherine H ; Swendeman, Steven L ; Obinata, Hideru ; Qvortrup, Klaus ; Nielsen, Lars B ; Hla, Timothy ; Di Lorenzo, Annarita ; Christoffersen, Christina. / Impaired endothelial barrier function in apolipoprotein M-deficient mice is dependent on sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1. I: FASEB Journal. 2016 ; Bind 30, Nr. 6. s. 2351-9.

Bibtex

@article{2deb9dbde03d4ccdb21626c46be3c25a,
title = "Impaired endothelial barrier function in apolipoprotein M-deficient mice is dependent on sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1",
abstract = "Apolipoprotein M (ApoM) transports sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in plasma, and ApoM-deficient mice (Apom(-/-)) have ∼50% reduced plasma S1P levels. There are 5 known S1P receptors, and S1P induces adherens junction formation between endothelial cells through the S1P1 receptor, which in turn suppresses vascular leak. Increased vascular permeability is a hallmark of inflammation. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between vascular leakage in ApoM deficiency and S1P1 function in normal physiology and in inflammation. Vascular permeability in the lungs was assessed by accumulation of dextran molecules (70 kDa) and was increased ∼40% in Apom(-/-) mice compared to WT (C57Bl6/j) mice. Reconstitution of plasma ApoM/S1P or treatment with an S1P1 receptor agonist (SEW2871) rapidly reversed the vascular leakage to a level similar to that in WT mice, suggesting that it is caused by decreased plasma levels of S1P and reduced S1P1 stimulation. In a carrageenan-induced model of inflammation, Apom(-/-) mice had increased vascular leakage compared with that in WT mice. Adenoviral overexpression of ApoM in Apom(-/-) mice decreased the vascular leakage compared to adenoviral overexpression of green fluorescent protein. The study suggests that vascular leakage of albumin-sized particles in ApoM deficiency is S1P- and S1P1-dependent and this dependency exacerbates the response to inflammatory stimuli.-Christensen, P. M., Liu, C. H., Swendeman, S. L., Obinata, H., Qvortrup, K., Nielsen, L B., Hla, T., Di Lorenzo, A., Christoffersen, C. Impaired endothelial barrier function in apolipoprotein M-deficient mice is dependent on sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Christensen, {Pernille M} and Liu, {Catherine H} and Swendeman, {Steven L} and Hideru Obinata and Klaus Qvortrup and Nielsen, {Lars B} and Timothy Hla and {Di Lorenzo}, Annarita and Christina Christoffersen",
note = "{\textcopyright} FASEB.",
year = "2016",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1096/fj.201500064",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "2351--9",
journal = "FASEB Journal",
issn = "0892-6638",
publisher = "Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impaired endothelial barrier function in apolipoprotein M-deficient mice is dependent on sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1

AU - Christensen, Pernille M

AU - Liu, Catherine H

AU - Swendeman, Steven L

AU - Obinata, Hideru

AU - Qvortrup, Klaus

AU - Nielsen, Lars B

AU - Hla, Timothy

AU - Di Lorenzo, Annarita

AU - Christoffersen, Christina

N1 - © FASEB.

PY - 2016/6

Y1 - 2016/6

N2 - Apolipoprotein M (ApoM) transports sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in plasma, and ApoM-deficient mice (Apom(-/-)) have ∼50% reduced plasma S1P levels. There are 5 known S1P receptors, and S1P induces adherens junction formation between endothelial cells through the S1P1 receptor, which in turn suppresses vascular leak. Increased vascular permeability is a hallmark of inflammation. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between vascular leakage in ApoM deficiency and S1P1 function in normal physiology and in inflammation. Vascular permeability in the lungs was assessed by accumulation of dextran molecules (70 kDa) and was increased ∼40% in Apom(-/-) mice compared to WT (C57Bl6/j) mice. Reconstitution of plasma ApoM/S1P or treatment with an S1P1 receptor agonist (SEW2871) rapidly reversed the vascular leakage to a level similar to that in WT mice, suggesting that it is caused by decreased plasma levels of S1P and reduced S1P1 stimulation. In a carrageenan-induced model of inflammation, Apom(-/-) mice had increased vascular leakage compared with that in WT mice. Adenoviral overexpression of ApoM in Apom(-/-) mice decreased the vascular leakage compared to adenoviral overexpression of green fluorescent protein. The study suggests that vascular leakage of albumin-sized particles in ApoM deficiency is S1P- and S1P1-dependent and this dependency exacerbates the response to inflammatory stimuli.-Christensen, P. M., Liu, C. H., Swendeman, S. L., Obinata, H., Qvortrup, K., Nielsen, L B., Hla, T., Di Lorenzo, A., Christoffersen, C. Impaired endothelial barrier function in apolipoprotein M-deficient mice is dependent on sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1.

AB - Apolipoprotein M (ApoM) transports sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in plasma, and ApoM-deficient mice (Apom(-/-)) have ∼50% reduced plasma S1P levels. There are 5 known S1P receptors, and S1P induces adherens junction formation between endothelial cells through the S1P1 receptor, which in turn suppresses vascular leak. Increased vascular permeability is a hallmark of inflammation. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between vascular leakage in ApoM deficiency and S1P1 function in normal physiology and in inflammation. Vascular permeability in the lungs was assessed by accumulation of dextran molecules (70 kDa) and was increased ∼40% in Apom(-/-) mice compared to WT (C57Bl6/j) mice. Reconstitution of plasma ApoM/S1P or treatment with an S1P1 receptor agonist (SEW2871) rapidly reversed the vascular leakage to a level similar to that in WT mice, suggesting that it is caused by decreased plasma levels of S1P and reduced S1P1 stimulation. In a carrageenan-induced model of inflammation, Apom(-/-) mice had increased vascular leakage compared with that in WT mice. Adenoviral overexpression of ApoM in Apom(-/-) mice decreased the vascular leakage compared to adenoviral overexpression of green fluorescent protein. The study suggests that vascular leakage of albumin-sized particles in ApoM deficiency is S1P- and S1P1-dependent and this dependency exacerbates the response to inflammatory stimuli.-Christensen, P. M., Liu, C. H., Swendeman, S. L., Obinata, H., Qvortrup, K., Nielsen, L B., Hla, T., Di Lorenzo, A., Christoffersen, C. Impaired endothelial barrier function in apolipoprotein M-deficient mice is dependent on sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 1.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1096/fj.201500064

DO - 10.1096/fj.201500064

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26956418

VL - 30

SP - 2351

EP - 2359

JO - FASEB Journal

JF - FASEB Journal

SN - 0892-6638

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 49289567