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Identification of a Serotonin 2A Receptor Subtype of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders With Pimavanserin: The Sub-Sero Proof-of-Concept Trial Protocol

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@article{d2f22162745944e79094185130f8dfbe,
title = "Identification of a Serotonin 2A Receptor Subtype of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders With Pimavanserin: The Sub-Sero Proof-of-Concept Trial Protocol",
abstract = "Background: All current approved antipsychotic drugs against schizophrenia spectrum disorders share affinity for the dopamine receptor (D2R). However, up to one-third of these patients respond insufficiently, and in some cases, side-effects outweigh symptom reduction. Previous data have suggested that a subgroup of antipsychotic-na{\"i}ve patients will respond to serotonin 2A receptor (2AR) blockade. Aims: This investigator-initiated, translational, proof-of-concept study has overall two aims; 1) To test the clinical effectiveness of monotherapy with the newly approved drug against Parkinson's disease psychosis, pimavanserin, in antipsychotic-free patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders; 2) To characterize the neurobiological profile of responders to pimavaserin. Materials and Equipment: Forty patients will be enrolled in this 6-week open label, onearmed trial with the selective serotonin 2AR antagonist (pimavanserin 34 mg/day). At baseline, patients will undergo: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of the serotonin 2AR using the radioligand [¹¹C]Cimbi-36; structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); MR spectroscopy of cerebral glutamate levels and diffusion tensor imaging; cognitive and psychopathological examinations; electrocardiogram, and blood sampling for genetic- and metabolic analyses. Outcome Measures: The primary clinical endpoint will be reduction in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) positive score. Secondary clinical endpoints comprise multiple clinical ratings (positive and negative symptoms, depressive-, obsessivecompulsive symptoms, quality of life, social functioning, sexual functioning, and side-effects). PET, MRI, and cognitive parameters will be used for in-depth neuropsychiatric characterization of pimavanserin response. Anticipated Results: Clinically, we expect pimavanserin to reduce psychotic symptoms with similar effect as observed with conventional antipsychotics, for which we have comparable historical data. We expect pimavanserin to induce minimal side-effects. Neurobiologically, we expect psychotic symptom reduction to be most prominent in patients with low frontal serotonin 2AR binding potential at baseline. Potential precognitive and brain structural effects of pimavanserin will be explored. Perspectives: Sub-Sero will provide unique information about the role serotonin 2AR in antipsychotic-free, first-episode psychosis. If successful, Sub-Sero will aid identification of a “serotonergic subtype” of schizophrenia spectrum patients, thereby promoting development of precision medicine in clinical psychiatry. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials, identifier NCT03994965.",
keywords = "Antipsychotic-free, Cognition, First-episode schizophrenia spectrum patients, Magnetic resonance imaging, Pimavanserin, Psychopathology, Serotonin 2A receptor positron emission tomography, Side-effects",
author = "Baltzersen, {Olga B} and Meltzer, {Herbert Y} and Frokjaer, {Vibe G} and Raghava, {Jayachandra M} and Lone Baandrup and Birgitte Fagerlund and Larsson, {Henrik B W} and Fibiger, {H Christian} and Glenth{\o}j, {Birte Y} and Knudsen, {Gitte M} and Ebdrup, {Bj{\o}rn H}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2020 Baltzersen, Meltzer, Frokjaer, Raghava, Baandrup, Fagerlund, Larsson, Fibiger, Glenth{\o}j, Knudsen and Ebdrup.",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
day = "30",
doi = "10.3389/fphar.2020.00591",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "591",
journal = "Frontiers in Pharmacology",
issn = "1663-9812",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Identification of a Serotonin 2A Receptor Subtype of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders With Pimavanserin

T2 - The Sub-Sero Proof-of-Concept Trial Protocol

AU - Baltzersen, Olga B

AU - Meltzer, Herbert Y

AU - Frokjaer, Vibe G

AU - Raghava, Jayachandra M

AU - Baandrup, Lone

AU - Fagerlund, Birgitte

AU - Larsson, Henrik B W

AU - Fibiger, H Christian

AU - Glenthøj, Birte Y

AU - Knudsen, Gitte M

AU - Ebdrup, Bjørn H

N1 - Copyright © 2020 Baltzersen, Meltzer, Frokjaer, Raghava, Baandrup, Fagerlund, Larsson, Fibiger, Glenthøj, Knudsen and Ebdrup.

PY - 2020/4/30

Y1 - 2020/4/30

N2 - Background: All current approved antipsychotic drugs against schizophrenia spectrum disorders share affinity for the dopamine receptor (D2R). However, up to one-third of these patients respond insufficiently, and in some cases, side-effects outweigh symptom reduction. Previous data have suggested that a subgroup of antipsychotic-naïve patients will respond to serotonin 2A receptor (2AR) blockade. Aims: This investigator-initiated, translational, proof-of-concept study has overall two aims; 1) To test the clinical effectiveness of monotherapy with the newly approved drug against Parkinson's disease psychosis, pimavanserin, in antipsychotic-free patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders; 2) To characterize the neurobiological profile of responders to pimavaserin. Materials and Equipment: Forty patients will be enrolled in this 6-week open label, onearmed trial with the selective serotonin 2AR antagonist (pimavanserin 34 mg/day). At baseline, patients will undergo: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of the serotonin 2AR using the radioligand [¹¹C]Cimbi-36; structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); MR spectroscopy of cerebral glutamate levels and diffusion tensor imaging; cognitive and psychopathological examinations; electrocardiogram, and blood sampling for genetic- and metabolic analyses. Outcome Measures: The primary clinical endpoint will be reduction in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) positive score. Secondary clinical endpoints comprise multiple clinical ratings (positive and negative symptoms, depressive-, obsessivecompulsive symptoms, quality of life, social functioning, sexual functioning, and side-effects). PET, MRI, and cognitive parameters will be used for in-depth neuropsychiatric characterization of pimavanserin response. Anticipated Results: Clinically, we expect pimavanserin to reduce psychotic symptoms with similar effect as observed with conventional antipsychotics, for which we have comparable historical data. We expect pimavanserin to induce minimal side-effects. Neurobiologically, we expect psychotic symptom reduction to be most prominent in patients with low frontal serotonin 2AR binding potential at baseline. Potential precognitive and brain structural effects of pimavanserin will be explored. Perspectives: Sub-Sero will provide unique information about the role serotonin 2AR in antipsychotic-free, first-episode psychosis. If successful, Sub-Sero will aid identification of a “serotonergic subtype” of schizophrenia spectrum patients, thereby promoting development of precision medicine in clinical psychiatry. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials, identifier NCT03994965.

AB - Background: All current approved antipsychotic drugs against schizophrenia spectrum disorders share affinity for the dopamine receptor (D2R). However, up to one-third of these patients respond insufficiently, and in some cases, side-effects outweigh symptom reduction. Previous data have suggested that a subgroup of antipsychotic-naïve patients will respond to serotonin 2A receptor (2AR) blockade. Aims: This investigator-initiated, translational, proof-of-concept study has overall two aims; 1) To test the clinical effectiveness of monotherapy with the newly approved drug against Parkinson's disease psychosis, pimavanserin, in antipsychotic-free patients with first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders; 2) To characterize the neurobiological profile of responders to pimavaserin. Materials and Equipment: Forty patients will be enrolled in this 6-week open label, onearmed trial with the selective serotonin 2AR antagonist (pimavanserin 34 mg/day). At baseline, patients will undergo: Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of the serotonin 2AR using the radioligand [¹¹C]Cimbi-36; structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); MR spectroscopy of cerebral glutamate levels and diffusion tensor imaging; cognitive and psychopathological examinations; electrocardiogram, and blood sampling for genetic- and metabolic analyses. Outcome Measures: The primary clinical endpoint will be reduction in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) positive score. Secondary clinical endpoints comprise multiple clinical ratings (positive and negative symptoms, depressive-, obsessivecompulsive symptoms, quality of life, social functioning, sexual functioning, and side-effects). PET, MRI, and cognitive parameters will be used for in-depth neuropsychiatric characterization of pimavanserin response. Anticipated Results: Clinically, we expect pimavanserin to reduce psychotic symptoms with similar effect as observed with conventional antipsychotics, for which we have comparable historical data. We expect pimavanserin to induce minimal side-effects. Neurobiologically, we expect psychotic symptom reduction to be most prominent in patients with low frontal serotonin 2AR binding potential at baseline. Potential precognitive and brain structural effects of pimavanserin will be explored. Perspectives: Sub-Sero will provide unique information about the role serotonin 2AR in antipsychotic-free, first-episode psychosis. If successful, Sub-Sero will aid identification of a “serotonergic subtype” of schizophrenia spectrum patients, thereby promoting development of precision medicine in clinical psychiatry. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials, identifier NCT03994965.

KW - Antipsychotic-free

KW - Cognition

KW - First-episode schizophrenia spectrum patients

KW - Magnetic resonance imaging

KW - Pimavanserin

KW - Psychopathology

KW - Serotonin 2A receptor positron emission tomography

KW - Side-effects

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85085204420&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fphar.2020.00591

DO - 10.3389/fphar.2020.00591

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32425802

VL - 11

SP - 591

JO - Frontiers in Pharmacology

JF - Frontiers in Pharmacology

SN - 1663-9812

M1 - 591

ER -

ID: 60967023