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Identification and quantification of isoguanosine in humans and mice

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Isoguanine (2-hydroxyadenine), considered to be a non-natural nucleobase has, however, been shown to occur in the croton bean, butterfly wings and a mollusk. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, we report the identification of isoguanosine (2-hydroxyadenosine), the ribonucleoside, in humans and mouse. Isoguanosine is identified and quantified in RNA from mouse liver samples and in human urine and cerebrospinal fluid. Isoguanine could not be detected as the 2'-deoxyribonucleoside in mouse liver DNA. It could be speculated that the source of isoguanosine was formation from adenosine during oxidative stress in the body. However, the urinary concentrations of isoguanosine and the levels in the liver found here by using isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry are identical to or exceed those of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-guanosine. Guanine is the nucleobase that is oxidized the easiest, so it appears spectacular that the levels of isoguanosine are higher than the levels of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-guanosine. It also appears intriguing that it was only possible to detect the ribonucleoside isoguanosine and not the 2'-deoxyribonucleoside. These observations could indicate that the isoguanosine found is not formed by oxidative stress and could have biological functions.

TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)225-232
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2019

ID: 56922256