Hypothyroid women have persistently higher oxidative stress compared to healthy controls

Kamilla Ryom Riis, Camilla Larsen, Bjarke Røssner Medici, Christian Zinck Jensen, Kristian H Winther, Emil List Larsen, Christina Ellervik, Jeppe Lerche la Cour, Laszlo Hegedus, Thomas Heiberg Brix, Henrik Enghusen Poulsen, Filip K Knop, Birte Nygaard, Steen Joop Bonnema


OBJECTIVE: Some studies suggest that hypothyroidism is associated with increased oxidative stress. Urinary excretion of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxoGuo) and 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) represents whole-body RNA and DNA oxidation, respectively. These biomarkers have only been explored sparsely in patients with thyroid disorders.

METHODS: In 45 Danish women with newly diagnosed hypothyroidism, we compared 8-oxoGuo and 8-oxodG before or shortly after initiating levothyroxine with the excretion rates at euthyroidism. We also compared the excretion of 8-oxoGuo and 8-oxodG in the patients after restored euthyroidism with 18 healthy control subjects.

RESULTS: Compared with baseline, none of the biomarkers changed significantly in the patients after becoming euthyroid. The geometric mean of 8-oxoGuo was 1.63 (95% CI: 1.49-1.78) nmol/mmol creatinine at baseline and 1.67 nmol/mmol at euthyroidism (95% CI: 1.53-1.83) (P = 0.39), while that of 8-oxodG was 1.28 nmol/mmol creatinine at baseline (95% CI: 1.14-1.44) and 1.32 nmol/mmol at euthyroidism (95% CI: 1.18-1.48), respectively (P = 0.47). The relative mean differences were 0.97 (95% CI: 0.91-1.04) for 8-oxoGuo and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.88-1.06) for 8-oxodG. At baseline, multiple linear regression revealed a positive association between free thyroxine and both biomarkers (8-oxoGuo, P < 0.001; 8-oxodG, P = 0.04). Furthermore, 8-oxoGuo was positively associated with age (P = 0.04) and negatively associated with thyrotropin (P = 0.02). In the control group, the geometric mean of 8-oxoGuo was 1.23 nmol/mmol creatinine (95% CI: 1.07-1.42), while that of 8-oxodG was 1.04 nmol/mmol creatinine (95% CI: 0.88-1.23). Thus, compared with control subjects, euthyroid patients showed a significantly higher level of both 8-oxoGuo (P < 0.001) and 8-oxodG (P = 0.03).

CONCLUSION: In hypothyroid women, no significant effect of levothyroxine treatment on the oxidative stress biomarkers 8-oxoGuo and 8-oxodG could be demonstrated. However, the excretion of these biomarkers was significantly higher than in healthy controls.

TidsskriftEuropean Thyroid Journal
Udgave nummer6
Antal sider33
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2023


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