All IDDM patients without late complications have blood pressures similar to the nondiabetic background population, and those who develop clinical nephropathy in Denmark have no familial predisposition to hypertension. Blood pressure remains normal until after development of microalbuminuria, indicating no primary role for hypertension in the pathogenesis of nephropathy. When microalbuminuria is present it does, however, play a crucial role in the progression of nephropathy. Sodium retention, possibly induced by hyperinsulinemia, and perhaps glucose-coupled sodium reabsorption in insulin treated patients, seem to play a central role in elevating the blood pressure, but this needs further clarification.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Diabetic Foot Complications|
|Status||Udgivet - 1 apr. 1990|