Hypersensitivity to Pegylated E.coli asparaginase as first-line treatment in contemporary paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia protocols: a meta-analysis of the Ponte di Legno Toxicity working group

Leiah J Brigitha, Marta Fiocco, Rob Pieters, Birgitte K Albertsen, Gabriele Escherich, Elixabet Lopez-Lopez, Veerle Mondelaers, Ajay Vora, Lynda Vrooman, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Inge M van der Sluis, Ponte di Legno Toxicity Working Group

12 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity reactions to asparaginase challenge its use and occur frequently (30-75%) after native Escherichia Coli (E.coli) asparaginase. Comparison of incidence of allergic reactions to pegylated E.coli asparaginase (PEGasparaginase) across contemporary paediatric acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) protocols is lacking.

METHOD AND PATIENTS: Questionnaires were sent to all members of the international ALL Ponte di Legno Toxicity Working Group. Meta-analyses were conducted to estimate the incidence of three types of hypersensitivity (allergy, allergic-like reaction and silent inactivation). Information on protocol level regarding PEGasparaginase dosing regimen, administration route and use of therapeutic drug monitoring was collected for risk analysis.

RESULTS: Newly diagnosed patients with ALL (n = 5880), aged 1-24 years old, were enrolled in seven different upfront ALL protocols using PEGasparaginase as first-line treatment. The incidence of allergic reactions (sum of allergies and allergic-like reactions) [95% confidence interval] was 2% [1%; 3%] during induction and 8% [5%; 11%] during postinduction. Route of administration, number of doses, dosage and number of PEGasparaginase-free weeks did not significantly influence risk of hypersensitivity. Multivariate meta-regression analysis suggests that initiation of PEGasparaginase in postinduction and higher number of PEGasparaginase-free intervals increased the risk for allergic reactions. 9-16% and 23-29% of all hypersensitivities were allergic-like reactions and silent inactivation, respectively.

CONCLUSION: The incidence of allergic reactions is lower in protocols using PEGasparaginase as first-line treatment compared with that reported for E.coli asparaginase or PEGasparaginase after E.coli asparaginase. Postinduction phase, a higher number of PEGasparaginase-free intervals, and initiation of PEGasparaginase in postinduction phase are risk factors for allergic reactions. These results are important for planning of PEGasparaginase administrations in future frontline therapy.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
Vol/bind162
Sider (fra-til)65-75
Antal sider11
ISSN0959-8049
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2022

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