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Hypersensitivity to calcitonin gene-related peptide in chronic migraine

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

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OBJECTIVE: To investigate if calcitonin gene-related peptide infusion induces migraine-like attacks in chronic migraine patients.

METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with chronic migraine, either with or without headache on the experimental day, were assessed for the incidence of migraine-like attacks after an intravenous infusion with calcitonin gene-related peptide 1.5 µg/min over 20 min. The primary endpoint was the incidence of migraine-like attacks after calcitonin gene-related peptide. Exploratory endpoints were the association between the incidence of migraine-like attacks and presence of headache on the experimental day, and headache frequency in the past month. Migraine-like attack data was compared to a historic cohort of 91 episodic migraine patients without headache on the experimental day. Total tenderness score, pressure-pain threshold and supra-threshold pressure pain at baseline were investigated in relation to incidence of migraine-like attacks and presence of headache on the experimental day.

RESULTS: In total, 83% of the 58 chronic migraine patients developed migraine-like attacks after calcitonin gene-related peptide infusion. Migraine-like attacks were found in 92% of chronic migraine patients with headache on the experimental day compared to 65% of chronic migraine patients without headache on the experimental day (p = 0.035). No differences were observed in total tenderness score and pressure-pain threshold between chronic migraine patients with and without headache on the experimental day. The incidence of migraine-like attacks following calcitonin gene-related peptide in chronic migraine patients without headache (65%) was equal to the historic cohort of 91 episodic migraine patients without headache (67%) on the experimental day.

CONCLUSIONS: Chronic migraine patients are hypersensitive to calcitonin gene-related peptide. The potency of calcitonin gene-related peptide as a migraine inductor is increased in chronic migraine patients with ongoing headache. We suggest that calcitonin gene-related peptide, besides being a migraine trigger also acts as a modulator of nociceptive transmission in the trigeminal system.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCephalalgia : an international journal of headache
Vol/bind41
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)701-710
Antal sider10
ISSN0333-1024
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2021

ID: 61819750