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Hyperproinsulinaemia in normoglycaemic lipodystrophic HIV-infected patients

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@article{2eceadb22fc4400b815608834d8bc47e,
title = "Hyperproinsulinaemia in normoglycaemic lipodystrophic HIV-infected patients",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether the insulin precursors, intact (IP) and 32-33 split proinsulin (SP), which are elevated in states of insulin resistance and predict type 2 diabetes, would be elevated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with lipodystrophy (LIPO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three normoglycaemic HIV-infected patients [18 LIPO and 18 without lipodystrophy (NONLIPO) receiving antiretroviral drugs, and seven patients na{\"i}ve to antiretroviral drugs (NAIVE)] were examined. Insulin precursors were measured during fasting, during an intravenous glucose tolerance test and during a hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp, respectively. Insulin secretion rates (ISR) were determined by deconvolution of C-peptide concentrations. Disposition index (DI) was calculated as insulin sensitivity (Si(RD)) multiplied by the first-phase insulin response to intravenous glucose. RESULTS: LIPO exhibited increased fasting IP and SP (P < 0.05), a higher proportion of elevated fasting IP (3.1 pmol L(-1), 66{\%} vs. 33{\%} and 28{\%}, P < 0.05) and SP (7.2 pmol L(-1), 50{\%}, 11{\%} and 0{\%}, P < 0.01), reduced Si(RD) (> 50{\%}, P < 0.001) and increased ISR (P < 0.001) compared with NONLIPO and NAIVE. Fasting SP and IP correlated positively with ISR (P < 0.001) and inversely and hyperbolically with Si(RD) (P < 0.001). Fasting SP/insulin ratio correlated inversely with Si(RD) (P < 0.05). Incremental IP + SP/insulin ratio after an intravenous glucose bolus correlated inversely with DI (P < 0.01), but did not differ between study groups. CONCLUSIONS: Proinsulin appeared to be increased in HIV-lipodystrophy, but no more than caused by the increased ISR. Nevertheless, the inverse correlations between SP/insulin ratio versus Si(RD) and incremental total proinsulin/insulin ratio versus DI may argue for a subtle beta-cell dysfunction in those patients with insulin resistance and low DI.",
author = "Haugaard, {Steen B} and Ove Andersen and CN Hales and I Halsall and AM Rosenfalck and Johan Iversen and Sten Madsbad",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2362.2006.01640.x",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "436--445",
journal = "European Journal of Clinical Investigation",
issn = "0014-2972",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hyperproinsulinaemia in normoglycaemic lipodystrophic HIV-infected patients

AU - Haugaard, Steen B

AU - Andersen, Ove

AU - Hales, CN

AU - Halsall, I

AU - Rosenfalck, AM

AU - Iversen, Johan

AU - Madsbad, Sten

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether the insulin precursors, intact (IP) and 32-33 split proinsulin (SP), which are elevated in states of insulin resistance and predict type 2 diabetes, would be elevated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with lipodystrophy (LIPO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three normoglycaemic HIV-infected patients [18 LIPO and 18 without lipodystrophy (NONLIPO) receiving antiretroviral drugs, and seven patients naïve to antiretroviral drugs (NAIVE)] were examined. Insulin precursors were measured during fasting, during an intravenous glucose tolerance test and during a hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp, respectively. Insulin secretion rates (ISR) were determined by deconvolution of C-peptide concentrations. Disposition index (DI) was calculated as insulin sensitivity (Si(RD)) multiplied by the first-phase insulin response to intravenous glucose. RESULTS: LIPO exhibited increased fasting IP and SP (P < 0.05), a higher proportion of elevated fasting IP (3.1 pmol L(-1), 66% vs. 33% and 28%, P < 0.05) and SP (7.2 pmol L(-1), 50%, 11% and 0%, P < 0.01), reduced Si(RD) (> 50%, P < 0.001) and increased ISR (P < 0.001) compared with NONLIPO and NAIVE. Fasting SP and IP correlated positively with ISR (P < 0.001) and inversely and hyperbolically with Si(RD) (P < 0.001). Fasting SP/insulin ratio correlated inversely with Si(RD) (P < 0.05). Incremental IP + SP/insulin ratio after an intravenous glucose bolus correlated inversely with DI (P < 0.01), but did not differ between study groups. CONCLUSIONS: Proinsulin appeared to be increased in HIV-lipodystrophy, but no more than caused by the increased ISR. Nevertheless, the inverse correlations between SP/insulin ratio versus Si(RD) and incremental total proinsulin/insulin ratio versus DI may argue for a subtle beta-cell dysfunction in those patients with insulin resistance and low DI.

AB - BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate whether the insulin precursors, intact (IP) and 32-33 split proinsulin (SP), which are elevated in states of insulin resistance and predict type 2 diabetes, would be elevated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with lipodystrophy (LIPO). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-three normoglycaemic HIV-infected patients [18 LIPO and 18 without lipodystrophy (NONLIPO) receiving antiretroviral drugs, and seven patients naïve to antiretroviral drugs (NAIVE)] were examined. Insulin precursors were measured during fasting, during an intravenous glucose tolerance test and during a hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp, respectively. Insulin secretion rates (ISR) were determined by deconvolution of C-peptide concentrations. Disposition index (DI) was calculated as insulin sensitivity (Si(RD)) multiplied by the first-phase insulin response to intravenous glucose. RESULTS: LIPO exhibited increased fasting IP and SP (P < 0.05), a higher proportion of elevated fasting IP (3.1 pmol L(-1), 66% vs. 33% and 28%, P < 0.05) and SP (7.2 pmol L(-1), 50%, 11% and 0%, P < 0.01), reduced Si(RD) (> 50%, P < 0.001) and increased ISR (P < 0.001) compared with NONLIPO and NAIVE. Fasting SP and IP correlated positively with ISR (P < 0.001) and inversely and hyperbolically with Si(RD) (P < 0.001). Fasting SP/insulin ratio correlated inversely with Si(RD) (P < 0.05). Incremental IP + SP/insulin ratio after an intravenous glucose bolus correlated inversely with DI (P < 0.01), but did not differ between study groups. CONCLUSIONS: Proinsulin appeared to be increased in HIV-lipodystrophy, but no more than caused by the increased ISR. Nevertheless, the inverse correlations between SP/insulin ratio versus Si(RD) and incremental total proinsulin/insulin ratio versus DI may argue for a subtle beta-cell dysfunction in those patients with insulin resistance and low DI.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2006.01640.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2006.01640.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 36

SP - 436

EP - 445

JO - European Journal of Clinical Investigation

JF - European Journal of Clinical Investigation

SN - 0014-2972

ER -

ID: 32578121