High-dose loco-regional pattern of failure after primary radiotherapy in p16 positive and negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma - A DAHANCA 19 study

Morten Horsholt Kristensen*, Anne Ivalu Sander Holm, Christian Rønn Hansen, Ruta Zukauskaite, Eva Samsøe, Christian Maare, Jørgen Johansen, Hanne Primdahl, Åse Bratland, Claus Andrup Kristensen, Maria Andersen, Jens Overgaard, Jesper Grau Eriksen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Patients with failure after primary radiotherapy (RT) for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have a poor prognosis. This study investigates pattern of failure after primary curatively intended IMRT in a randomized controlled trial in relation to HPV/p16 status.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with HNSCC of the oral cavity, oropharynx (OPSCC), hypopharynx or larynx were treated with primary curative IMRT (+/-cisplatin) and concomitant nimorazole between 2007 and 12. Of 608 patients, 151 had loco-regional failure within five years, from whom 130 pairs of scans (planning-CT and diagnostic failure scan) were collected and deformably co-registered. Point of origin-based pattern of failure analysis was conducted, including distance to CTV1 and GTV, and estimated dose coverage of the point of origin.

RESULTS: Of 130 patients with pairs of scans, 104 (80 %) had at least one local or regional failure site covered by 95 % of prescribed dose and 87 (67 %) of the failures had point of origin within the high-dose CTV (CTV1). Of failures from primary p16 + OPSCC, the majority of both mucosal (84 %) and nodal (61 %) failures were covered by curative doses. For p16- tumors (oral cavity, OPSCC p16neg, hypopharynx and larynx), 75 % of mucosal and 66 % of nodal failures were high-dose failures.

CONCLUSION: Radioresistance is the primary cause of failure after RT for HNSCC irrespective of HPV/p16 status. Thus, focus on predictors for the response to RT is warranted to identify patients with higher risk of high-dose failure that might benefit from intensified treatment regimens.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer100772
TidsskriftClinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
Vol/bind46
ISSN2405-6308
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2024

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