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High bone mineral density in lifelong trained female team handball players and young elite football players

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Hagman, Marie ; Helge, Eva Wulff ; Fristrup, Bjørn ; Jørgensen, Niklas Rye ; Helge, Jørn Wulff ; Krustrup, Peter. / High bone mineral density in lifelong trained female team handball players and young elite football players. I: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2021 ; Bind 121, Nr. 10. s. 2825-2836.

Bibtex

@article{734803059b414fe6abf2db2765411161,
title = "High bone mineral density in lifelong trained female team handball players and young elite football players",
abstract = "PURPOSE: Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are a major concern in the female population and preventative strategies are needed. Whether team sports participation may reduce age-related bone loss in elderly women is still uncertain.METHODS: One hundred and thirty healthy, non-smoking women participated in this cross-sectional study, i.e., elderly (60-80 years) team handball players (EH, n = 35), elderly untrained controls (EC, n = 35), young (18-30 years) elite football players (YF, n = 30) and young untrained controls (YC, n = 30). A whole-body and two regional dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans were performed to evaluate BMD and a blood sample was collected for measurement of bone turnover markers (BTMs).RESULTS: EH had higher BMD in all regions of the lumbar spine, except for L1, compared to EC (8-10%), and higher BMD in the femoral Ward's triangle (9%) and trochanter (7%) of the left leg. Furthermore, EH had higher mean leg BMD (8%) and whole-body BMD (5%) than EC. EH and YC had similar BMD in femoral trochanter, L1-L4 and mean leg despite an age difference of ~ 40 years. YF had higher BMD in all regions of the proximal femur (18-29%) and lumbar spine (12-16%) compared to YC, as well as higher mean leg BMD (20%) and whole-body BMD (13%). Sclerostin was 14% lower in EH compared to EC. YF showed higher PINP (98%), osteocalcin (57%), and CTX (83%) compared to YC.CONCLUSION: Lifelong team handball training and elite football training are associated with superior bone mineralization and changed bone turnover in elderly and young women.",
keywords = "Bone health, Bone turnover markers, Lifelong exercise training, Master athletes, Soccer, Static postural balance",
author = "Marie Hagman and Helge, {Eva Wulff} and Bj{\o}rn Fristrup and J{\o}rgensen, {Niklas Rye} and Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff} and Peter Krustrup",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.",
year = "2021",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1007/s00421-021-04755-9",
language = "English",
volume = "121",
pages = "2825--2836",
journal = "European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology",
issn = "1439-6319",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - High bone mineral density in lifelong trained female team handball players and young elite football players

AU - Hagman, Marie

AU - Helge, Eva Wulff

AU - Fristrup, Bjørn

AU - Jørgensen, Niklas Rye

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

AU - Krustrup, Peter

N1 - © 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

PY - 2021/10

Y1 - 2021/10

N2 - PURPOSE: Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are a major concern in the female population and preventative strategies are needed. Whether team sports participation may reduce age-related bone loss in elderly women is still uncertain.METHODS: One hundred and thirty healthy, non-smoking women participated in this cross-sectional study, i.e., elderly (60-80 years) team handball players (EH, n = 35), elderly untrained controls (EC, n = 35), young (18-30 years) elite football players (YF, n = 30) and young untrained controls (YC, n = 30). A whole-body and two regional dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans were performed to evaluate BMD and a blood sample was collected for measurement of bone turnover markers (BTMs).RESULTS: EH had higher BMD in all regions of the lumbar spine, except for L1, compared to EC (8-10%), and higher BMD in the femoral Ward's triangle (9%) and trochanter (7%) of the left leg. Furthermore, EH had higher mean leg BMD (8%) and whole-body BMD (5%) than EC. EH and YC had similar BMD in femoral trochanter, L1-L4 and mean leg despite an age difference of ~ 40 years. YF had higher BMD in all regions of the proximal femur (18-29%) and lumbar spine (12-16%) compared to YC, as well as higher mean leg BMD (20%) and whole-body BMD (13%). Sclerostin was 14% lower in EH compared to EC. YF showed higher PINP (98%), osteocalcin (57%), and CTX (83%) compared to YC.CONCLUSION: Lifelong team handball training and elite football training are associated with superior bone mineralization and changed bone turnover in elderly and young women.

AB - PURPOSE: Low bone mineral density (BMD) and fractures are a major concern in the female population and preventative strategies are needed. Whether team sports participation may reduce age-related bone loss in elderly women is still uncertain.METHODS: One hundred and thirty healthy, non-smoking women participated in this cross-sectional study, i.e., elderly (60-80 years) team handball players (EH, n = 35), elderly untrained controls (EC, n = 35), young (18-30 years) elite football players (YF, n = 30) and young untrained controls (YC, n = 30). A whole-body and two regional dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans were performed to evaluate BMD and a blood sample was collected for measurement of bone turnover markers (BTMs).RESULTS: EH had higher BMD in all regions of the lumbar spine, except for L1, compared to EC (8-10%), and higher BMD in the femoral Ward's triangle (9%) and trochanter (7%) of the left leg. Furthermore, EH had higher mean leg BMD (8%) and whole-body BMD (5%) than EC. EH and YC had similar BMD in femoral trochanter, L1-L4 and mean leg despite an age difference of ~ 40 years. YF had higher BMD in all regions of the proximal femur (18-29%) and lumbar spine (12-16%) compared to YC, as well as higher mean leg BMD (20%) and whole-body BMD (13%). Sclerostin was 14% lower in EH compared to EC. YF showed higher PINP (98%), osteocalcin (57%), and CTX (83%) compared to YC.CONCLUSION: Lifelong team handball training and elite football training are associated with superior bone mineralization and changed bone turnover in elderly and young women.

KW - Bone health

KW - Bone turnover markers

KW - Lifelong exercise training

KW - Master athletes

KW - Soccer

KW - Static postural balance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85108805627&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-021-04755-9

DO - 10.1007/s00421-021-04755-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34170397

VL - 121

SP - 2825

EP - 2836

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 67651065