Hemodialysis and its impact on Patient Characteristics, Microbiology, Cardiac Surgery, and Mortality in Infective Endocarditis

Anna Stahl*, Eva Havers-Borgersen, Lauge Østergaard, Jeppe Kofoed Petersen, Niels E Bruun, Peter E Weeke, Søren L Kristensen, Marianne Voldstedlund, Lars Køber, Emil L Fosbøl

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
1 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis carry a significant risk of infective endocarditis (IE), but data on whether these patients differ from other patients with IE in terms of comorbidity, microbiology, rates of surgery and mortality are sparse.

METHODS: Using Danish nationwide registries, all patients with IE diagnosed between February 1, 2010, and May 14, 2018 were identified and categorized into a "hemodialysis group" and a "non-hemodialysis group." Patient groups were compared by comorbidities, microbiological etiology, cardiac surgery, and mortality. Risk factors associated with mortality were assessed in multivariable Cox regression analysis.

RESULTS: In total, 4,366 patients with IE were included with 226 (5.2%) patients in the hemodialysis group. Patients in the hemodialysis group were younger (66.0 years [IQR 53.8-74.9] vs 72.2 years [IQR 62.2-80.0]), had more comorbidities and were surgically treated less often (10.6% vs 20.8%), compared with patients from the nonhemodialysis group. Staphylococcus aureus was more than twice as prevalent (58.0% vs 26.5%). No difference in in-hospital mortality was found between the 2 groups (20.8% vs 18.5%), but 1- and 5-year mortality were significantly higher in the hemodialysis group than in the nonhemodialysis group (37.7% vs 17.7% and 72.1% vs 42.5%, respectively). In adjusted analysis, hemodialysis was associated with higher 1-year (HR = 2.71, 95% CI 2.07-3.55) and 5-year mortality (HR = 2.72, 95% CI 2.22-3.34) CONCLUSIONS: Patients with IE on chronic hemodialysis were younger, had more comorbidity, a higher prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus IE, and a higher mortality than patients without hemodialysis.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAmerican Heart Journal
Vol/bind264
Sider (fra-til)106-113
Antal sider8
ISSN0002-8703
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2023

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