Heart rate response to breathing: dependency upon breathing pattern

J Mehlsen, K Pagh, J S Nielsen, L Sestoft, S L Nielsen

    23 Citationer (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Heart rate responses to stepwise and periodic changes in lung volume were studied in seven young healthy males. Stepwise inspiration and expiration both resulted in an increase in heart rate followed by a rapid decrease in heart rate. The fastest heart rate was reached in 1.6 +/- 0.5 s and in 3.6 +/- 1.4 s in response to inspiration and expiration, respectively (P less than 0.01). The slowest heart rate was reached in 4.8 +/- 1.0 s and in 7.6 +/- 1.9 s in response to inspiration and expiration, respectively (P less than 0.01). Following this biphasic change the heart rate returned to a steady level. The difference between the fastest and the slowest heart rates was significantly larger in response to inspiration (21.7 +/- 7.3 beats per minute) than in response to expiration (12.0 +/- 7.3 beats per minute; P less than 0.01). Periodic changes in lung volume were performed with frequencies from 3.0 to 12.0 respirations per minute (r.p.m.). The changes in heart rate showed a constant amplitude in the frequency range below 5.5 r.p.m. Maximal heart rate changes were found at frequencies of 5.5 to 7.0 r.p.m. Changes in heart rate decreased in a linear manner on a log-log scale in the frequency range above 7.0 r.p.m. The relation between frequency and changes in heart rate is explained by interference between the transient changes in heart rate induced both by inspiration and by expiration. It is concluded that if heart rate changes in response to periodic changes in lung volume are to be used as a measure of vagal function a number of factors have to be taken into consideration and to simplify the analysis of heart rate responses to breathing we recommend, instead, the use of the transient changes in heart rate induced by stepwise changes in lung volume.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftClinical physiology (Oxford, England)
    Vol/bind7
    Udgave nummer2
    Sider (fra-til)115-24
    Antal sider10
    ISSN0144-5979
    StatusUdgivet - apr. 1987

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