Hearing in patients with intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas

Per Caye-Thomasen, Thomas Dethloff, Søren Hansen, Sven-Eric Stangerup, Jens Thomsen

Abstract

This paper reports data on the spontaneous course of hearing in 156 patients with purely intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas. The mean pure tone average (PTA) was 51 dB HL and the mean speech discrimination score (SDS) 60% at diagnosis. The risk of a significant subsequent hearing loss (>or=10 dB PTA or >or=10% SDS) was 54% during 4.6 years of observation. Patients with normal speech discrimination at diagnosis had a significantly smaller risk of loosing hearing. The hearing loss at diagnosis and during observation was not related to age, gender, diagnostic tumor size, tumor- induced expansion of the internal auditory canal or tumor sublocalization (fundus, central or porus). However, the loss of PTA was smaller in shrinking tumors and the PTA deterioration rate correlated with the volumetric tumor growth rate. After 4.6 years observation, the PTA had increased by 14 dB to 65 dB HL, and the SDS reduced by 17% to 43%. The proportion of patients eligible for hearing preservation treatment as determined by word recognition score class I (70-100% SDS) was reduced to 28% (a 44% reduction), and by AAO-HNS class A to 9% (a 53% reduction).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAudiology & neuro-otology
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)1-12
Antal sider12
ISSN1420-3030
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2007
Udgivet eksterntJa

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