Growth hormone binding protein and maternal body mass index in relation to placental growth hormone and insulin requirements during pregnancy in type 1 diabetic women

Jens Fuglsang, Finn Friis Lauszus, Sanne Fisker, Allan Flyvbjerg, Per Ovesen

19 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

In pregnancy, the growth hormone axis is shifted from pituitary growth hormone (GH) to placental growth hormone (PGH). Their common binding protein, GH binding protein (GHBP), displays peak serum levels at mid-gestation in normal individuals. In the non-pregnant state, diabetes is known to be associated with elevated levels of GH and decreased levels of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and GHBP. Diabetes in pregnancy may therefore as well be associated with disturbances in the growth hormone axis. In the present study, we aimed at investigating the impact of GHBP and maternal body mass index (BMI) on levels of PGH, thereby enabling estimation of any association between free PGH and weight adjusted insulin requirements. In 51 type 1 diabetic women, blood samples were collected in gestational week 10+, 16+, 22+, 28+ and 34+, and analysed for their serum content of GHBP, PGH, and GH. Serum GHBP increased from the first weeks of pregnancy to median 2.07 nmol/l (range 1.17-4.26) in week 22+, then declined to median 1.29 nmol/l (range 0.77-2.35) in week 34+ (ANOVA P < 0.001). Serum PGH levels were highest in week 34+ at median 21.3 microg/l (range 5.1-165.4) (P < 0.001), whereas a steady decrease in GH values was observed throughout pregnancy to a median 0.17 microg/l (range 0-5.53). The fraction of calculated free PGH to total PGH increased from mid-gestation onwards to 55.2% (37.0-87.1) in week 34+ at a median level of free PGH of 10.4 microg/l (range 1.9-144.0) (P < 0.001). Similarly, the molar ratio of total PGH to GHBP increased to a maximum of 0.68 (0.12-6.62) in week 34+. As in normal pregnancies, the correlation between BMI and GHBP was lost in late pregnancy. The newborns birth weight z-score correlated with total PGH and derivatives here-of in week 34+. Neither total nor weight adjusted insulin requirements correlated to total PGH, calculated free PGH, nor GHBP. In conclusion, PGH and GHBP display a similar course during pregnancy in type 1 diabetic women as described in normal women. The well-known association between GHBP and BMI was lost in late pregnancy. Calculated levels of free PGH were positively associated to fetal growth, but not to maternal insulin requirements.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGrowth Hormone & IGF Research
Vol/bind15
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)223-30
Antal sider8
ISSN1096-6374
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2005
Udgivet eksterntJa

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