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Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study

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Harvard

A., RG, A., MG, O., JC, Giovanni, A, Enrico, A, M., BL, C., BN, Z., BA, J., BE, P., BC, Aime, B, Michael, B, Marianne, B, J., CT, Jonathan, C, L., CA, S., CS, T., CL, Josef, C, Michael, C, Nicole, D, A., EK, Sophia, E-B, L., FV, Joaquim, F-S, Gerry, F, Emmanuela, G, M., GS, J., HF, George, H, Frank, H, Lesley, I, Ganesan, K, Nicholas, K, Walter, K, Carl, L, Donald, L-J, S., LH, Antonio, M, Misganaw, TA, Ali, M, E., MA, Paul, M, Jagat, N, Bruce, N, Mpiko, N, Glaucia, MDO, Catherine, O & Mayowa, O 2020, 'Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study', Journal of the American College of Cardiology, bind 76, nr. 25, s. 2982-3021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010

APA

A., R. G., A., M. G., O., J. C., Giovanni, A., Enrico, A., M., B. L., C., B. N., Z., B. A., J., B. E., P., B. C., Aime, B., Michael, B., Marianne, B., J., C. T., Jonathan, C., L., C. A., S., C. S., T., C. L., Josef, C., ... Mayowa, O. (2020). Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 76(25), 2982-3021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010

CBE

A. RG, A. MG, O. JC, Giovanni A, Enrico A, M. BL, C. BN, Z. BA, J. BE, P. BC, Aime B, Michael B, Marianne B, J. CT, Jonathan C, L. CA, S. CS, T. CL, Josef C, Michael C, Nicole D, A. EK, Sophia E-B, L. FV, Joaquim F-S, Gerry F, Emmanuela G, M. GS, J. HF, George H, Frank H, Lesley I, Ganesan K, Nicholas K, Walter K, Carl L, Donald L-J, S. LH, Antonio M, Misganaw TA, Ali M, E. MA, Paul M, Jagat N, Bruce N, Mpiko N, Glaucia MDO, Catherine O, Mayowa O. 2020. Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 76(25):2982-3021. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010

MLA

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Author

A., Roth Gregory ; A., Mensah George ; O., Johnson Catherine ; Giovanni, Addolorato ; Enrico, Ammirati ; M., Baddour Larry ; C., Barengo Noel ; Z., Beaton Andrea ; J., Benjamin Emelia ; P., Benziger Catherine ; Aime, Bonny ; Michael, Brauer ; Marianne, Brodmann ; J., Cahill Thomas ; Jonathan, Carapetis ; L., Catapano Alberico ; S., Chugh Sumeet ; T., Cooper Leslie ; Josef, Coresh ; Michael, Criqui ; Nicole, DeCleene ; A., Eagle Kim ; Sophia, Emmons-Bell ; L., Feigin Valery ; Joaquim, Fernández-Sola ; Gerry, Fowkes ; Emmanuela, Gakidou ; M., Grundy Scott ; J., He Feng ; George, Howard ; Frank, Hu ; Lesley, Inker ; Ganesan, Karthikeyan ; Nicholas, Kassebaum ; Walter, Koroshetz ; Carl, Lavie ; Donald, Lloyd-Jones ; S., Lu Hong ; Antonio, Mirijello ; Misganaw, Temesgen Awoke ; Ali, Mokdad ; E., Moran Andrew ; Paul, Muntner ; Jagat, Narula ; Bruce, Neal ; Mpiko, Ntsekhe ; Glaucia, Moraes de Oliveira ; Catherine, Otto ; Mayowa, Owolabi. / Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019 : Update From the GBD 2019 Study. I: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2020 ; Bind 76, Nr. 25. s. 2982-3021.

Bibtex

@article{677066a570b44b88b48b9b920fe94419,
title = "Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019: Update From the GBD 2019 Study",
abstract = "Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), principally ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, are the leading cause of global mortality and a major contributor to disability. This paper reviews the magnitude of total CVD burden, including 13 underlying causes of cardiovascular death and 9 related risk factors, using estimates from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019. GBD, an ongoing multinational collaboration to provide comparable and consistent estimates of population health over time, used all available population-level data sources on incidence, prevalence, case fatality, mortality, and health risks to produce estimates for 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019. Prevalent cases of total CVD nearly doubled from 271 million (95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 257 to 285 million) in 1990 to 523 million (95% UI: 497 to 550 million) in 2019, and the number of CVD deaths steadily increased from 12.1 million (95% UI:11.4 to 12.6 million) in 1990, reaching 18.6 million (95% UI: 17.1 to 19.7 million) in 2019. The global trends for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and years of life lost also increased significantly, and years lived with disability doubled from 17.7 million (95% UI: 12.9 to 22.5 million) to 34.4 million (95% UI:24.9 to 43.6 million) over that period. The total number of DALYs due to IHD has risen steadily since 1990, reaching 182 million (95% UI: 170 to 194 million) DALYs, 9.14 million (95% UI: 8.40 to 9.74 million) deaths in the year 2019, and 197 million (95% UI: 178 to 220 million) prevalent cases of IHD in 2019. The total number of DALYs due to stroke has risen steadily since 1990, reaching 143 million (95% UI: 133 to 153 million) DALYs, 6.55 million (95% UI: 6.00 to 7.02 million) deaths in the year 2019, and 101 million (95% UI: 93.2 to 111 million) prevalent cases of stroke in 2019. Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of disease burden in the world. CVD burden continues its decades-long rise for almost all countries outside high-income countries, and alarmingly, the age-standardized rate of CVD has begun to rise in some locations where it was previously declining in high-income countries. There is an urgent need to focus on implementing existing cost-effective policies and interventions if the world is to meet the targets for Sustainable Development Goal 3 and achieve a 30% reduction in premature mortality due to noncommunicable diseases.",
author = "A., {Roth Gregory} and A., {Mensah George} and O., {Johnson Catherine} and Addolorato Giovanni and Ammirati Enrico and M., {Baddour Larry} and C., {Barengo Noel} and Z., {Beaton Andrea} and J., {Benjamin Emelia} and P., {Benziger Catherine} and Bonny Aime and Brauer Michael and Brodmann Marianne and J., {Cahill Thomas} and Carapetis Jonathan and L., {Catapano Alberico} and S., {Chugh Sumeet} and T., {Cooper Leslie} and Coresh Josef and Criqui Michael and DeCleene Nicole and A., {Eagle Kim} and Emmons-Bell Sophia and L., {Feigin Valery} and Fern{\'a}ndez-Sola Joaquim and Fowkes Gerry and Gakidou Emmanuela and M., {Grundy Scott} and J., {He Feng} and Howard George and Hu Frank and Inker Lesley and Karthikeyan Ganesan and Kassebaum Nicholas and Koroshetz Walter and Lavie Carl and Lloyd-Jones Donald and S., {Lu Hong} and Mirijello Antonio and Misganaw, {Temesgen Awoke} and Mokdad Ali and E., {Moran Andrew} and Muntner Paul and Narula Jagat and Neal Bruce and Ntsekhe Mpiko and Glaucia, {Moraes de Oliveira} and Otto Catherine and Owolabi Mayowa and Mahdi Shamali",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
day = "22",
doi = "10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "2982--3021",
journal = "American College of Cardiology. Journal",
issn = "0735-1097",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc",
number = "25",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Global Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases and Risk Factors, 1990–2019

T2 - Update From the GBD 2019 Study

AU - A., Roth Gregory

AU - A., Mensah George

AU - O., Johnson Catherine

AU - Giovanni, Addolorato

AU - Enrico, Ammirati

AU - M., Baddour Larry

AU - C., Barengo Noel

AU - Z., Beaton Andrea

AU - J., Benjamin Emelia

AU - P., Benziger Catherine

AU - Aime, Bonny

AU - Michael, Brauer

AU - Marianne, Brodmann

AU - J., Cahill Thomas

AU - Jonathan, Carapetis

AU - L., Catapano Alberico

AU - S., Chugh Sumeet

AU - T., Cooper Leslie

AU - Josef, Coresh

AU - Michael, Criqui

AU - Nicole, DeCleene

AU - A., Eagle Kim

AU - Sophia, Emmons-Bell

AU - L., Feigin Valery

AU - Joaquim, Fernández-Sola

AU - Gerry, Fowkes

AU - Emmanuela, Gakidou

AU - M., Grundy Scott

AU - J., He Feng

AU - George, Howard

AU - Frank, Hu

AU - Lesley, Inker

AU - Ganesan, Karthikeyan

AU - Nicholas, Kassebaum

AU - Walter, Koroshetz

AU - Carl, Lavie

AU - Donald, Lloyd-Jones

AU - S., Lu Hong

AU - Antonio, Mirijello

AU - Misganaw, Temesgen Awoke

AU - Ali, Mokdad

AU - E., Moran Andrew

AU - Paul, Muntner

AU - Jagat, Narula

AU - Bruce, Neal

AU - Mpiko, Ntsekhe

AU - Glaucia, Moraes de Oliveira

AU - Catherine, Otto

AU - Mayowa, Owolabi

A2 - Shamali, Mahdi

PY - 2020/12/22

Y1 - 2020/12/22

N2 - Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), principally ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, are the leading cause of global mortality and a major contributor to disability. This paper reviews the magnitude of total CVD burden, including 13 underlying causes of cardiovascular death and 9 related risk factors, using estimates from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019. GBD, an ongoing multinational collaboration to provide comparable and consistent estimates of population health over time, used all available population-level data sources on incidence, prevalence, case fatality, mortality, and health risks to produce estimates for 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019. Prevalent cases of total CVD nearly doubled from 271 million (95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 257 to 285 million) in 1990 to 523 million (95% UI: 497 to 550 million) in 2019, and the number of CVD deaths steadily increased from 12.1 million (95% UI:11.4 to 12.6 million) in 1990, reaching 18.6 million (95% UI: 17.1 to 19.7 million) in 2019. The global trends for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and years of life lost also increased significantly, and years lived with disability doubled from 17.7 million (95% UI: 12.9 to 22.5 million) to 34.4 million (95% UI:24.9 to 43.6 million) over that period. The total number of DALYs due to IHD has risen steadily since 1990, reaching 182 million (95% UI: 170 to 194 million) DALYs, 9.14 million (95% UI: 8.40 to 9.74 million) deaths in the year 2019, and 197 million (95% UI: 178 to 220 million) prevalent cases of IHD in 2019. The total number of DALYs due to stroke has risen steadily since 1990, reaching 143 million (95% UI: 133 to 153 million) DALYs, 6.55 million (95% UI: 6.00 to 7.02 million) deaths in the year 2019, and 101 million (95% UI: 93.2 to 111 million) prevalent cases of stroke in 2019. Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of disease burden in the world. CVD burden continues its decades-long rise for almost all countries outside high-income countries, and alarmingly, the age-standardized rate of CVD has begun to rise in some locations where it was previously declining in high-income countries. There is an urgent need to focus on implementing existing cost-effective policies and interventions if the world is to meet the targets for Sustainable Development Goal 3 and achieve a 30% reduction in premature mortality due to noncommunicable diseases.

AB - Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), principally ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke, are the leading cause of global mortality and a major contributor to disability. This paper reviews the magnitude of total CVD burden, including 13 underlying causes of cardiovascular death and 9 related risk factors, using estimates from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2019. GBD, an ongoing multinational collaboration to provide comparable and consistent estimates of population health over time, used all available population-level data sources on incidence, prevalence, case fatality, mortality, and health risks to produce estimates for 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019. Prevalent cases of total CVD nearly doubled from 271 million (95% uncertainty interval [UI]: 257 to 285 million) in 1990 to 523 million (95% UI: 497 to 550 million) in 2019, and the number of CVD deaths steadily increased from 12.1 million (95% UI:11.4 to 12.6 million) in 1990, reaching 18.6 million (95% UI: 17.1 to 19.7 million) in 2019. The global trends for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and years of life lost also increased significantly, and years lived with disability doubled from 17.7 million (95% UI: 12.9 to 22.5 million) to 34.4 million (95% UI:24.9 to 43.6 million) over that period. The total number of DALYs due to IHD has risen steadily since 1990, reaching 182 million (95% UI: 170 to 194 million) DALYs, 9.14 million (95% UI: 8.40 to 9.74 million) deaths in the year 2019, and 197 million (95% UI: 178 to 220 million) prevalent cases of IHD in 2019. The total number of DALYs due to stroke has risen steadily since 1990, reaching 143 million (95% UI: 133 to 153 million) DALYs, 6.55 million (95% UI: 6.00 to 7.02 million) deaths in the year 2019, and 101 million (95% UI: 93.2 to 111 million) prevalent cases of stroke in 2019. Cardiovascular diseases remain the leading cause of disease burden in the world. CVD burden continues its decades-long rise for almost all countries outside high-income countries, and alarmingly, the age-standardized rate of CVD has begun to rise in some locations where it was previously declining in high-income countries. There is an urgent need to focus on implementing existing cost-effective policies and interventions if the world is to meet the targets for Sustainable Development Goal 3 and achieve a 30% reduction in premature mortality due to noncommunicable diseases.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.11.010

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33309175

VL - 76

SP - 2982

EP - 3021

JO - American College of Cardiology. Journal

JF - American College of Cardiology. Journal

SN - 0735-1097

IS - 25

ER -

ID: 66267672