Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Geographical influence on the distribution of the prevalence of hypertension in South Africa: a multilevel analysis

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Rationale and design of the Pan-African Sudden Cardiac Death survey: the Pan-African SCD study

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Health literacy meets the life-course perspective: towards a conceptual framework

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Transitions between body mass index categories, South Africa

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Variations in the Delivery of Primary Diabetes Care in Malaysia: Lessons to Be Learnt and Potential for Improvement

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  4. General practitioners´ and practice nurses’ viewpoints on multidisciplinary knowledge sharing

    Publikation: KonferencebidragKonferenceabstrakt til konferenceForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

BACKGROUND: As a response to the growing burden of non-communicable diseases, the South African government has set targets to reduce the prevalence of people with raised blood pressure, through lifestyle changes and medication, by 20% by the year 2020. It has also recognised that the prevalence varies at local administrative level. The study aim was to determine the geographical variation by district of the prevalence of hypertension among South African adults aged 15 years and above.

METHODS: Data from all five waves of the National income Dynamics Study, a panel survey, were used for estimation by both design-based and multilevel analysis methods. In the multilevel analysis, a three-level hierarchy was used with panel participants in the first level, repeated measurements on patients in the second level, and districts in the third level.

RESULTS: After accounting for demographic, behavioural, socio-economic and environmental factors, significant variation remained in the prevalence of hypertension at the district level. Districts with higher-than-average prevalence were found mostly in the south-western part of the country, while those with a prevalence below average were found in the northern area. Age, body mass index and race were the individual factors found to have a strong effect on hypertension prevalence for this sample.

CONCLUSIONS: There were significant differences in hypertension prevalence between districts and therefore the method of analysis and the results could be useful for more targeted preventative and control programmes.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCardiovascular Journal of Africa
Vol/bind30
Sider (fra-til)1-8
Antal sider8
ISSN1995-1892
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 20 sep. 2019

ID: 58013702