We report a male infant who presented at 8 months of age with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) responsive to plasma therapy. Investigation showed him to have complement factor H (CFH) deficiency associated with a homozygous CFH mutation (c.2880delT [p.Phe960fs]). Mutation screening of the child's parents revealed that the father was heterozygous for this change but that it was not present in his mother. Chromosome 1 uniparental isodisomy of paternal origin was confirmed by genotyping chromosome 1 SNPs. CD46 SNP genotyping was undertaken in this individual and another patient with CFH deficiency associated with chromosome 1 uniparental isodisomy. This showed a homozygous aHUS risk haplotype (CD46GGAAC) in the patient with aHUS and a homozygous glomerulonephritis risk haplotype (CD46AAGGT) in the patient with endocapillary glomerulonephritis. We also showed that FHL-1 (factor H-like protein 1) was present in the patient with aHUS and absent in the patient with glomerulonephritis. This study emphasizes that modifiers such as CD46 and FHL-1 may determine the kidney phenotype of patients who present with homozygous CFH deficiency.
|Tidsskrift||American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation|
|Status||Udgivet - nov. 2013|