Genomic profiling of newly diagnosed glioblastoma patients and its potential for clinical utility - a prospective, translational study

Dorte S Nørøxe, Christina W Yde, Olga Østrup, Signe R Michaelsen, Ane Y Schmidt, Savvas Kinalis, Mathias H Torp, Jane Skjøth-Rasmussen, Jannick Brennum, Petra Hamerlik, Hans S Poulsen, Finn C Nielsen, Ulrik Lassen

12 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is an incurable brain tumor for which new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Next-generation sequencing of GBM has most often been performed retrospectively and on archival tissue from both diagnostic and relapse surgeries with limited knowledge of clinical information, including treatment given. We sought to investigate the genomic composition prospectively in treatment-naïve patients, searched for possible targetable aberrations, and investigated for prognostic and/or predictive factors. A total of 108 newly diagnosed GBM patients were included. Clinical information, progression-free survival, and overall survival (OS) were noted. Tissues were analyzed by whole-exome sequencing, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and transcriptome arrays, and RNA sequencing; assessed for mutations, fusions, tumor mutational burden (TMB), and chromosomal instability (CI); and classified into GBM subgroups. Each genomic report was discussed at a multidisciplinary tumor board meeting to evaluate for matching trials. From 111 consecutive patients, 97.3% accepted inclusion in this study. Eighty-six (77%) were treated with radiation therapy/temozolomide (TMZ) and adjuvant TMZ. One NTRK2 and three FGFR3-TACC3 fusions were identified. Copy number alterations in GRB2 and SMYD4 were significantly correlated with worse median OS together with known clinical variables like age, performance status, steroid dose, and O6-methyl-guanine-DNA-methyl-transferase status. Patients with CI-median or TMB-high had significantly worse median OS compared to CI-low/high or TMB-low/median. In conclusion, performing genomic profiling at diagnosis enables evaluation of genomic-driven therapy at the first progression. Furthermore, TMB-high or CI-median patients had worse median OS, which can support the possibility of offering experimental treatment already at the first line for this group.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMolecular Oncology
Vol/bind14
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)2727-2743
Antal sider17
ISSN1574-7891
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2020

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