Genetic Correlation between Body Fat Percentage and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Suggests Common Genetic Etiology

Theresia M Schnurr, Anette P Gjesing, Camilla H Sandholt, Anna Jonsson, Yuvaraj Mahendran, Christian T Have, Claus T Ekstrøm, Anne-Louise Bjerregaard, Soren Brage, Daniel R Witte, Marit E Jørgensen, Mette Aadahl, Betina H Thuesen, Allan Linneberg, Hans Eiberg, Oluf Pedersen, Niels Grarup, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Torben Hansen

17 Citationer (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: It has long been discussed whether fitness or fatness is a more important determinant of health status. If the same genetic factors that promote body fat percentage (body fat%) are related to cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), part of the concurrent associations with health outcomes could reflect a common genetic origin. In this study we aimed to 1) examine genetic correlations between body fat% and CRF; 2) determine whether CRF can be attributed to a genetic risk score (GRS) based on known body fat% increasing loci; and 3) examine whether the fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) locus associates with CRF.

METHODS: Genetic correlations based on pedigree information were examined in a family based cohort (n = 230 from 55 families). For the genetic association analyses, we examined two Danish population-based cohorts (ntotal = 3206). The body fat% GRS was created by summing the alleles of twelve independent risk variants known to associate with body fat%. We assessed CRF as maximal oxygen uptake expressed in millilitres of oxygen uptake per kg of body mass (VO2max), per kg fat-free mass (VO2maxFFM), or per kg fat mass (VO2maxFM). All analyses were adjusted for age and sex, and when relevant, for body composition.

RESULTS: We found a significant negative genetic correlation between VO2max and body fat% (ρG = -0.72 (SE ±0.13)). The body fat% GRS associated with decreased VO2max (β = -0.15 mL/kg/min per allele, p = 0.0034, age and sex adjusted). The body fat%-increasing FTO allele was associated with a 0.42 mL/kg/min unit decrease in VO2max per allele (p = 0.0092, age and sex adjusted). Both associations were abolished after additional adjustment for body fat%. The fat% increasing GRS and FTO risk allele were associated with decreased VO2maxFM but not with VO2maxFFM.

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest a shared genetic etiology between whole body fat% and CRF.

TidsskriftP L o S One
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)e0166738
StatusUdgivet - 2016


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