Gender differences in patient-reported outcomes in patients with acute myocardial infarction

Anne Ankerstjerne Rasmussen*, Bengt Fridlund, Karina Nielsen, Trine Bernholdt Rasmussen, Lars Thrysoee, Britt Borregaard, Charlotte Brun Thorup, Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Rikke Elmose Mols

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
3 Citationer (Scopus)


AIMS: Women report worse health-related patient-reported outcomes (PROs) compared with men following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, this association is not well established when accounting for demographic and clinical patient characteristics at discharge. This knowledge is essential for clinicians when planning individualised care for patients following AMI. The aim of this study is to examine whether gender is associated with health-related PROs at discharge from a Danish heart centre, combining PROs with data from the national health and administrative registries.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study of 2131 patients with AMI discharged from a Danish heart centre responding to the following health-related PRO questionnaires: the Health-survey Short-Form-12 (SF-12), generating a physical component summary (PCS) and a mental component summary (MCS) score; the HeartQoL, providing a global, emotional, and physical score; the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) and the EQ visual analogue scale (EQ VAS); the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), generating an anxiety and depression score (HADS-A and HADS-D); the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS); the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (B-IPQ). Patient-reported outcomes were linked to registry-based information adjusting for potential demographic and clinical confounding factors. In adjusted regression models, women reported worse health-related PROs compared with men in SF-12 PCS and SF-12 MCS, HeartQoL global, the HeartQoL emotional and HeartQoL physical score, EQ-5D-5L and EQ VAS, the HADS-A, ESAS, and in six out of eight B-IPQ items.

CONCLUSIONS: Women reported worse health-related PROs compared with men. Health-related PROs have the potential to be further investigated to facilitate a more individualised healthcare follow-up after AMI.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)772-781
Antal sider10
StatusUdgivet - 23 nov. 2022


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