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G16R single nucleotide polymorphism but not haplotypes of the β(2)-adrenergic receptor gene alters cardiac output in humans

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Variation in genes encoding the β(2)-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) may influence Q (cardiac output). The 46G>A (G16R) SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) has been associated with β(2)-mediated vasodilation, but the effect of ADRB2 haplotypes on Q has not been studied. Five SNPs within ADRB2 (46G>A, 79C>G, 491C>T, 523C>A and 1053G>C by a pairwise tagging principle) and the I/D (insertion/deletion) polymorphism in ACE were genotyped in 143 subjects. Cardiovascular variables were evaluated by the Model flow method at rest and during incremental cycling exercise. Only the G16R polymorphism was associated with Q. In carriers of the Arg(16) allele, Q(rest) (resting Q) was 0.4 [95% CI (confidence interval), 0.0-0.7] l/min lower than in G16G homozygotes (P=0.048). During exercise, the increase in Q was by 4.7 (95% CI, 4.3-5.2) l/min per litre increase in pulmonary Vo(2) (oxygen uptake) in G16G subjects, but the increase was 0.5 (0.0-0.9) l/min lower in Arg16 carriers (P=0.035). A similar effect size was observed for the Arg16 haplotypes ACCCG and ACCCC. No interaction was found between ADRB2 and ACE polymorphisms. During exercise, the increase in Q was 0.5 (CI, 0.0 -1.0) l/min greater in ACE I/I carriers compared with I/D and D/D subjects (P=0.054). In conclusion, the ADRB2 Arg16 allele in humans is associated with a lower Q both at rest and during exercise, overriding the effects of haplotypes.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical science (London, England : 1979)
Vol/bind125
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)191-8
Antal sider8
ISSN0143-5221
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2013

ID: 41955067