Future use of musculoskeletal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging in rheumatoid arthritis

Stine Maya Dreier Carstensen, Lene Terslev, Mogens Pfeiffer Jensen, Mikkel Østergaard


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSUS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) play important roles in diagnosis, monitoring, and prognostication of rheumatoid arthritis. This review highlights recent literature in this field and aims to provide insight into the future use in clinical practice.

RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies concerning the use of MSUS and MRI in clinical practice show how MSUS and MRI can improve diagnosis and monitoring of rheumatoid arthritis and how they can predict both radiographic progression and clinical outcome (e.g., successful tapering of medical treatment). Moreover, novel technical developments of the two imaging modalities, such as 3D ultrasonography, ultrasound image reading with convolutional neural network, image fusion (MSUS and MRI) and whole-body MRI show promising results. Further validation of these novel techniques is required prior to implementation.

SUMMARY: MSUS and MRI will be important parts of the future management of rheumatoid arthritis patients, mostly because of their ability to detect rheumatoid arthritis changes at a very early stage and to predict the course of disease. However, the exact role in routine clinical practice is still to be defined.

TidsskriftCurrent Opinion in Rheumatology
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)264-272
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020


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