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Fungal Infections in Patients With Walled-off Pancreatic Necrosis

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OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of fungal infection and antifungal treatment on outcome in patients with walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON).

METHODS: A retrospective description of fungal infections in a cohort of consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic, transmural drainage and necrosectomy for WON, treated in a tertiary referral center was reviewed.

RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2013, fungal infection in WON was documented in 57 (46%) of 123 patients. The most common isolates at first positive culture were Candida albicans (55%) and Candida glabrata (20%). Thirty-nine (70%) patients were treated with antifungals after the first fungal finding. There was no significant difference in mortality (21% vs 13%, P = 0.517) or organ failure (34% vs 33%, P = 0.903) between the group treated with adequate antifungals after the first fungal finding compared to the group not treated or treated inadequately.The in-hospital mortality was 18% (10 patients). Concomitant fungemia was found in 6 patients, of which 3 died, as opposed to 7 with fungi in the necrosis only (50% vs 14%, P = 0.027).

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates a high incidence and associated high in-hospital mortality of fungal infection in WON, thus emphasizing the importance of fungal infections in WON.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPancreas
Vol/bind45
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1447-1451
ISSN0885-3177
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2016

ID: 48349777