Functional in vitro models of the inhibitory effect of adipose tissue-derived stromal cells on lymphocyte proliferation: Improved sensitivity and quantification through flow cytometric analysis

Morten Juhl*, Bjarke Follin, Jan Pravsgaard Christensen, Jens Kastrup, Annette Ekblond

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstrakt

As the interest in cell-based therapies continue to increase, so does the need for assays detailing potency and providing platforms for identifying mechanisms of action. For most clinical implications of mesenchymal stromal cells, the immunomodulatory effect is crucial. While the suppressive potential on lymphocyte proliferation is well-described in literature, reproducible and standardized assays to document and quantify it varies from research group to research group and between methodologies. The aim of the present study was to utilize flowcytometry to quantify proliferation and identify measurements to increase the assay sensitivity to treatment with adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASC). Lymphocyte proliferation was induced by the unspecific mitogen phytohemagglutinin or by alloreactivity towards an irradiated donor in a mixed lymphocyte reaction. Addition of ASC did not change the composition of T cells, B cells, NK cells, NKT cell types considerably; likewise, no increases in proliferation were observed upon inclusion of ASC, demonstrating that ASC does not evoke an additive response. On the contrary, the suppressive effect of ASC was documented. By applying different gating strategies and curve fitting, the sensitivity was increased, and dose-response relationships established. Flow cytometric evaluation allows for more detailed identification of the lymphocytes affected by ASC and constitute a significant asset in future unraveling of modes and mechanisms of action, as well as quantification of potency.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer113360
TidsskriftJournal of Immunological Methods
Vol/bind510
Sider (fra-til)113360
ISSN0022-1759
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 18 sep. 2022

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