Fractures and musculoskeletal ailments in persons 20+ years after a traumatic spinal cord injury in Norway

Vesna Miloshevska Jakimovska, Emil Kostovski, Fin Biering-Sørensen, Ingeborg Beate Lidal

    Abstract

    Study design: Cross-sectional study.

    Objectives: To gain insights into fracture rate and musculoskeletal ailments among Norwegians with a spinal cord injury (SCI) acquired more than 20 years ago.

    Settings: Sunnaas Hospital, Nesoddtangen, Norway.

    Methods: 165 persons with SCI were interviewed in 2004-2005 by questionnaires and clinical examination. Descriptive statistics and a logistic regression analysis were performed to identify variables associated with bone fractures and musculoskeletal ailments.

    Results: Around half of the participants experienced a fracture after injury and excessive use of alcohol increased the odds (OR 0.09; CI 0.01-0.74) of suffering a post-injury fracture (p = 0.03). Sixty percent experienced shoulder ailments after the SCI and the use of orthosis to the knee and hip increased the odds (OR 4.4; CI 1.4-13) of experiencing shoulder ailment (p = 0.01).

    Conclusion: Around half of the 165 participants reported to have suffered a fracture and over 100 to experience musculoskeletal ailment 20 years after injury. We suggest that prevention strategies and symptom management must be embedded in follow-up visits after SCI.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftSpinal cord series and cases
    Vol/bind4
    Sider (fra-til)76
    ISSN2058-6124
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2018

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